Since the Bologna process, the levels of expertise are:
Education in Croatia is a right defend by the Article 66 of the Constitution which states that everyone has to have access to free compulsory education under equal conditions and in accordance with their aptitudes. Education is mandatory for children aged 6 to 15.
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On September 2010 a religious organisation, Hrvatska kršćanska koalicija submitted a proposal to change the law so home education would become legal in Croatia. The civil organisation Obrazovanje na drugi način joined in and is now working on its own proposal.
Education in Croatia is a constitutional right in terms of which primary education is free and all other education is available to all. Elementary education lasts for 8 years of which the first 4 are characterized by unitary class teachers. Thereafter the curriculum widens to include specialist teachers and additional scientific subjects.
In 2005, the Croatian Government decided to start a redesign of the programme of primary and secondary education under the title Hrvatski nacionalni obrazovni standard (Croatian national educational standard). In the school year 2005/2006, a new system was tested in 5% of the primary schools.
After finishing their primary education, children may continue into optional secondary education. There are three types of secondary education to choose from:
Since the primary school became compulsory (during the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia), the literacy rate in Croatia is at a substantial level of 98.1%. The majority of children manage to complete the grade school.
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Art schools (Umjetnička škola) last four years and students are taught music, dance, visual art and, design before receiving a Svjedodžba o završnom ispitu.
There are currently around 90 gymnasiums and 300 vocational schools in Croatia. The public secondary schools are under the jurisdiction of regional government, the counties.
The expected Croatian school holidays 2017 are stated below (guideline).
In the second stage, they will likely study Croatian language and literature, fine arts, music, a foreign language, math, history, geography, technology, PE, supplementary and elective studies, and nature in grades five and six followed by biology, chemistry and physics in grades seven and eight. Whilst the language in the classroom is usually Croatian, official minorities have the right to be taught in their mother tongue.
The students are divided into three or more classes and these classes are referred to as the A class, the B class, the C class, and so on. The students stay with their class throughout all 8 years.
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Public primary and secondary education is free in Croatia, provided by the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports. Croatian elementary education consists of eight years, and it is compulsory since the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia. Children begin schools at the age of 6 or 7. The literacy rate in Croatia is around 98.1%.
The Croatian government has introduced a program to align vocational training with the european union model that includes occupational standards and listed qualifications. Progress is being made with mutual recognition too. This should soon see the nation’s youth free to develop their careers in the wider European context which can only be good for national development.
Public music schools exist for the primary and secondary level in addition to public special education classes or schools. Students who attend music schools are still obliged to follow the regular program in their primary and secondary schools. The classes are usually held in the opposite shift of their regular school hours.
There are over thirty scientific institutes, including the Energy Institute "Hrvoje Požar" in Zagreb, the Civil Engineering Institute of Croatia, the Cultural and Scientific Center "Milutin Milanković", and the Institute "Ruđer Bošković" in Zagreb which is the largest in the country.
From 1st through 4th grade, there one teacher per class with subjects like Croatian, mathematics, visual art (likovna kultura), nature and society (priroda i društvo), physical education, music education, religion and at least one foreign language (usually English). From 5th through 8th grades, different teachers teach different subjects such as history, geography, biology, chemistry, physics, informatics and in addition to English, often a second language (usually German, French or Italian).
If you are only staying in Croatia temporarily without a permanent residence permit, you should be aware that the cost for public pre-school will be 1,900 HRK per month. You may be interested to know that many public kindergartens offer different programs, such as early foreign language learning programs or sport programs. Among the language learning programs, you can usually choose from English, German, French, Italian and Spanish, although not all languages will be available in every area.
Early years education in Croatia is made up of both public and private kindergartens and nurseries. Your child can attend these nurseries and pre-schools from the age of six months until they start compulsory education at six years old. Whilst attendance is becoming more common, nurseries and pre-schools are still not attended by much more than half of children until the year before the start of compulsory education when 99% of children attend.
Croatia signed the Bologna declaration at the Prague meeting of ministers in charge of lower education in 2009, thereby promising to adjust its system of higher education to the so-called Bologna process by 2010. The first students enrolled under the new setup in the academic year 2005/2006.
The expected Croatian school holidays 2016 are stated below (guideline).
The CoIS (Council of International Schools) is a non-profit association of international schools and post-secondary institutions which provides educational accreditation, teacher and leadership recruitment services, links to higher education, governance assistance and help with founding new schools.
Secondary schools supply students with primary subjects needed for the necessary work environment in Croatia. People who completed secondary school are classified as "medium expertise" (srednja stručna sprema or SSS).
The distinction between the programs taught at universities and polytechnics used to be the length of studies and the final classification of the students - but this line is being blurred by the implementation of the Bologna process. Previously, the veleučilište approximately matched the German concept of Fachhochschule.
Schools In Croatia
There are two main types of secondary schools in Croatia, namely gymnasiums and vocational schools. The former schools offer 4 separate four-year tracks, namely maths / informatics / science, languages, classics and general education, while the latter focus on producing entry-level employees.
Gimnazija offers four different tracks, based on your speciality:
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If none of this applies to your family, your children might be better off at a private international school. There are several of them in the Zagreb area. There are also a few independent bilingual or international kindergartens in Zagreb too. Plus, some of the international schools may offer an attached nursery or kindergarten for younger children. Here are some of the international schools on offer:
As determined by the Croatian state, people who only complete primary school are categorised as “unqualified workers” (nekvalificirani radnik).
The description of the Croatian higher education system as of July 2008 is available from the official Croatian Guidelines for the Publication of Diploma Supplement, which was published by the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of the Republic of Croatia in July 2008. Although the document itself is in Croatian, the English description of the higher education system is available from page 25.
Kindergarten is not compulsory, but children can enter as early as one year old.
The proposed model was chosen as it requires minimal change to the existing law and would be possible to implement within the current educational framework. The Croatian Constitution, in the Article 63 paragraph 1, states that parents have a duty to school their children. Similarly, in the Article 65 paragraph 1, it states that primary schooling is compulsory and free.
At the age of six, primary school children in Croatia start the mandatory part of their education. Primary education in Croatia is split into two stages, the first being from grades one to four and the second being grades five to eight. In the first stage, students usually study Croatian language and literature, math, nature and society, fine arts, music, physical education (PE), a foreign language from grade four onwards, and supplementary and elective studies.
Secondary education is currently optional, although most political parties advocate the stance that it should also become compulsory.
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Students can enroll into two basic kinds of higher education: