List of Tajikistan mountains and peaks. Includes 222 peaks in Tajikistan. Click the peaks to see mountain photos, maps, routes, and summit logs for every mountain in Tajikistan. Also browse Tajikistan mountains in a big map view or photo view.

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The three highest mountains in the Pamirs core are Ismoil Somoni Peak (known from 1932–1962 as Stalin Peak, and from 1962–1998 as Communism Peak), 7,495 m (24,590 ft); Ibn Sina Peak (still unofficially known as Lenin Peak), 7,134 m (23,406 ft); and Peak Korzhenevskaya (Russian: Пик Корженевской, Pik Korzhenevskoi), 7,105 m (23,310 ft).[7] In the Eastern Pamirs, China's Kongur Tagh is the highest at 7,649 m (25,095 ft).

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Mountain ranges of Gissar-Allay occupies the central place in the territory of Tajikistan and refer to the south of Tien-Shan and include Turkistan, Zarafshan, Gissar, Karategin and Alay mountain ranges. It is surrounded by Fergana valley from the north, by Gissar, Surkhob and Alay River from south. The total extension of mountain ranges of this system from west to north is about 900 m.

In December 2009, the New York Times featured articles on the possibilities for tourism in the Pamir area of Tajikistan.[15][16] 2013 proved to be the most successful year ever for tourism in the region and tourism development continues to be the fastest growing economic sector. The META (Murghab Ecotourism Association) website (www.meta.tj) provides an excellent repository of tourism related resources for the Eastern Pamir region.

The legislative framework and management arrangements for the property are comprehensive and clear and all activities that could threaten the integrity of the property, including mining, are legally prohibited 

The Great Pamir is around Lake Zorkul. The Little Pamir is east of this in the far east of Wakhan.[13] The Taghdumbash Pamir is between Tashkurgan and the Wakhan west of the Karakoram Highway. The Alichur Pamir is around Yashil Kul on the Gunt River. The Sarez Pamir is around the town of Murghab. The Khargush Pamir is south of Lake Karakul. There are several others.

Among the significant peaks of the Pamir Mountains are the following:[8]

Since Victorian times, they have been known as the "Roof of the World", presumably a translation from Persian.[3][4]

Remark: The summits of the Kongur and Muztagata Group are in some sources counted as part of the Kunlun, which would make Pik Ismoil Somoni the highest summit of the Pamir.

The Pamir Mountains, or the Pamirs, are a mountain range in Central Asia at the junction of the Himalayas with the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and Hindu Kush ranges. They are among the world’s highest mountains.

There are many glaciers in the Pamir Mountains, including the 77 km (48 mi) long Fedchenko Glacier, the longest in the former USSR and the longest glacier outside the polar regions.[9]

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Tajikistan is a mountainous country. 93% of its territory is surrounded by mountains, referring to the highest mountain systems of Central Asia: Tien-Shan and the Pamirs. Almost half of the territory of Tajikistan is situated at a height of more than 3000 m.

The Pamir River is in the south-west of the Pamirs.

According to Middleton and Thomas, "pamir" is also a geological term.[12] A pamir is a flat plateau or U-shaped valley surrounded by mountains. It forms when a glacier or ice field melts leaving a rocky plain. A pamir lasts until erosion forms soil and cuts down normal valleys. This type of terrain is found in the east and north of the Wakhan,[13] and the east and south of Gorno-Badakhshan, as opposed to the valleys and gorges of the west. Pamirs are used for summer pasture.[12][13]

The Pamir Highway, the world's second highest international road, runs from Dushanbe in Tajikistan to Osh in Kyrgyzstan through the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province, and is the isolated region's main supply route. The Great Silk Road crossed a number of Pamir Mountain ranges.[14]

Covered in snow throughout the year, the Pamirs have long and bitterly cold winters, and short, cool summers. Annual precipitation is about 130 mm (5 in), which supports grasslands but few trees.

The huge mountains are everywhere cut up by a rich network of gorges and canyons, through the bottom of which, the flows of mountain rivers storm. It should be noted out, that the mountains of Tajikistan arose in different epochs.

The property requires an effective long-term monitoring programme, including defined key indicators of the conservation and habitat health of the property.

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In the early 1980s, a deposit of gemstone-quality clinohumite was discovered in the Pamir Mountains. It was the only such deposit known until the discovery of gem-quality material in the Taymyr region of Siberia, in 2000.[citation needed]

Turkestan range stretches on 200 km. between Fergana and Zarafshan valleys. Reaching the great height in east part (peak Pyramidal, 5621 m), it gradually falls to north and ends by Nuratau range in Uzbekistan. The southern and northern slopes of Turkestan's range differ: southern is almost snowless (8-14 km); northern slope is longer and its snowy line passes at a height of 3500-4000 m. The glaciers are available only in eastern part of the range.

Coal is mined in the west, though sheep herding in upper meadowlands are the primary source of income for the region.

The greatest value among them has the Shakhristan pass (3351 m). A piece of range between Fandarya and Kshtut has received the name "Fanskiy mountain", which is distinguished by complexity of construction and a vast height (Chimtarga, 5495 m).

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Fergana hollow is located between Chatkal and Kuramenian ranges and the mountains of Mogoltau, from the northwest between Turkistan and Alayski. The height of Fergana hollow changes from 320m in the islands and the rivers of Sirdarya and up to 800-1000 m. in the foothills surrounding the valley. To the west from Fergana hollow, there is the plain of Hungry steppe, the greatest part of which is located in Tajikistan. Its absolute height is 250-300 m.

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In 1928 the last blank areas around the Fedchenko Glacier were mapped out by a German-Soviet expedition under Willi Rickmer Rickmers.

The most significant of them is Rama (20km). The roads, connecting Zarafshan and Fergana valleys, go through passes of Turkestan range, many of which are at a height up to 4000 m and are remote.

Mountains In Tajikistan

The Pamirs occupies the east of Pamir mountain system. There stand out two regions: West-Pamir and East-Pamir. The border, that passes between them, connects the range Zulumart with Usoi's pile and the lake Yashilkul.

Inscription on the World Heritage list presents an increased opportunity to the State Party to develop ecotourism. Therefore, long-term protection and management requirements for the property include the need to prevent negative impacts from tourism whilst accommodating any increased visitation to the property through the provision of quality visitor services.