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You simply cannot escape the past in Lebanon, whether it's the tank road bulldozed by Israelis through the silent cedars above us, or the upside-down triangles we see all alongside the trail, warning of landmines. But there's no market for war here just now, and initiatives such as the LMTA seed and breed a very welcome peace.

Jezzine, with its elegant, Italianate architecture, is overlooked by two huge crucifixes and is home to a souk where you're offered blingy hand-made cutlery, crispy breads, sun-dried grapes that smell of the mountains and local wines that taste as you'd imagine they might have in the times of Job and Jesus. At Mardakouche restaurant, we eat a hero's dinner (with complementary boiled snails served after dessert) before retiring to the smart, cool Iris Flower Hotel for hot showers and cold beers.

Of these mountain ranges, the Lebanon is the highest. While it is hard to imagine snow on the other summits, the word Lebanon is derived from the Semitic root lbn, "white". The highest peak in the Lebanon is the Qurnat as-Sawda, which rises 3088 meters above the sea, which is higher than Mount Olympus. And just like the last-mentioned summit was considered to be the abode of the gods, so there was a Ba'al of the Lebanon.

At 800m above sea level, a barrier marks the entrance to the Shouf biosphere reserve, through which the LMTA has blazed its main trail; there are also 280km of side trails. This protected area comprises 5% of Lebanon and is home to its largest cedar forest and to more wild boar, hyenas and wolves than they can currently count.

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It is 441km from top to tail. It joins together in peace, villages and communities that were once more used to bombing each other. It protects precious, vulnerable mountains, forests and valleys. It is a walk through cloud forests and lost hamlets, through holy shrines, lonely orchards and 6,000 years of human history – including WWE wrestling. It is the Lebanon Mountain Trail.

Mount Lebanon (Arabic: جَبَل لُبْنَان‎‎, jabal lubnān, Lebanese Arabic pronunciation Arabic pronunciation: [ˈʒɛbəl lɪbˈneːn]; Syriac: ܛܘܪ ܠܒܢܢ‎, ṭūr leḇnān, Western Syriac pronunciation: IPA: [tˤur livˈnɔn]) is a mountain range in Lebanon. It averages above 2,500 m (8,200 ft) in elevation.

Akram drives us to the start of the stage. En route, I'm introduced to the mukhtar, or headman, Youssef Halawiyeh, as Kevin, old-timer star of all-in tag.

Having divided the trail into 26 sections, the LMTA has trained the guides you hire in each village that take trekkers along each stage. My guide today is Muni Bawadi.

The eastern shore of the Mediterranean is the place where the African tectonic plate collides with the Arabian plate. As a consequence, there are large mountains. In southern Turkey, they are called the Amanus Mountains, which are separated by the river Orontes from the Bargylus Mountains in Syria. After the Homs gap follows the Lebanon, which is separated by the river Litani, the ancient Leontes, from the Mountains of Judah.

The Israelis only left these mountains in 2000, and evidence of their trenches and emplacements, and those of the Lebanese army, remain. One route to Jezzine today would take us through a Hezbollah checkpoint – a place worth avoiding for those of us with foreign passports. Instead, we follow an old goat track past long-abandoned terraced pomegranate groves, where we help ourselves to their ruby-ripe fruit.

Tien Shan mountains, KyrgyzstanThe Terksey Ala-Too mountains, within the Tien Shan range in central Asia, are an untouched wilderness, with glacial valleys sheltering snow leopards and the second biggest mountain lake in the world. Walks Worldwide is organising a "recce" adventure there this summer for pioneering trekkers.• From £1,395 for a 14-day guided expedition, departs 13 July, 0845 301 4737, walksworldwide.comRachel Dixon

Before I walked this short stretch of the Lebanon Mountain Trail my wife asked would I be safe? Would I come back dead? Well, my wonderful guides ensured my safety, always, and walking this trail gave me a precious insight into Lebanese village life, renewed respect for the indomitable Lebanese spirit, a fresh interest in WWE – and the feeling of being thrillingly, actively alive.

TrekkingCaroll Feghali of Ibex Ecotourism (+961 1216299, lebanontrail.org) provided the trip and guides and organises regular and bespoke treks along the Lebanon Mountain Trail from $100pp per day, including accommodation and food. Walks along the trail should not be undertaken without a guide. The latest Foreign Office advice on travel to the country is at gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/lebanon

Lebanon Mountains: the central part of the mountain range along eastern Mediterranean. The northern summits are referred to as Mount Lebanon.

The name Mount Lebanon traces back to the Semitic root lbn, meaning "white", likely a reference to the snow-covered mountains.[3]

The day ends at Baadaran at the end of a 1950s airstrip in a remote pine clifftop cabin with an en suite shower. There's no electricity until 2am, and no sound save some hyenas across the valley and distant village dogs. I wake at dawn to the crack of small-arms fire, fearing war, but finding instead that it's illegal hunters massacring tiny crakes, snipes and larks: Lebanon is among the planet's important staging posts for migratory birds, with millions passing through each spring and autumn.

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List of Lebanon mountains and peaks. Includes 1628 peaks in Lebanon. Click the peaks to see mountain photos, maps, routes, and summit logs for every mountain in Lebanon. Also browse Lebanon mountains in a big map view or photo view.

The following 12 pages are in this category, out of 12 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).

The Mount Lebanon range extends along the entire country for about 170 km (110 mi), parallel to the Mediterranean coast.[1] Their highest peak is Qurnat as Sawda', at 3,088 m (10,131 ft). The range receives a substantial amount of precipitation, including snow, which averages around 4 m (13 ft)deep.[1]

Nabil somehow pilots us, sans headlights, brake lights or a third gear, to the hillside home of Akram Mahmoud in Barouk. In 2005, the Lebanon Mountain Trail Association (LMTA) managed to charm $5m out of USAID and the Lebanese diaspora to map, blaze and manage their trail and to promote environmentally and socially responsible tourism, thus encouraging people like Akram to open their homes as guesthouses along the route.

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The biblical, torrential rain comes with no warning. One minute we're hot and dry, the next, sopping wet. There's nothing for it but to squish on to the troglodyte Niha Fort where, in turn, crusaders, Mameluks, Emir Fakreddine and his Ottoman oppressors were all garrisoned. Here 700 soldiers could hide unseen, and control the Sidon-Bekaa road half a mile below. Here, Christian and I dry out in the guardian's kiosk, sipping thick Arabic coffee before the two-hour lope to the town of Jezzine.

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Akram's place is comfy and clean with lots of hot water, and electricity until 11pm. I wake to shy, slanting sunbeams playing across the valley and a breakfast of homemade fig jam, white cheese (known as labne), olives and manakeesh – warm wholemeal flatbreads spread with wild thyme, toasted sesame and lemony sumac, slicked with Akram's olive oil. I eat four, reasoning that I'll soon be walking them off.

Getting thereBritish Airways (0844 493 0787, ba.com) provided the flights. Direct flights from Heathrow to Beirut start from £410 return

Mountains In Lebanon

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"Kevin?" he asks "Like Kevin von Erich?" It seems that during the war years of 1975-1990, there would be a ceasefire each Wednesday evening as opposing factions tuned in to WWE wrestling, whose pretty-boy star was said Kevin. Yes, Muni, I say – a similar Kevin. Muni calmly sizes up the condition this Kevin is now in, and the size of the breakfast I've just pigged, and suggests he'll send my pack forward to the start of tomorrow's section as today's walk might be a little "up and down".

The poet Alphonse de Lamartine came here in 1832. He sat in contemplation under the feathery green arms of a huge, clifftop cedar that was even then perhaps 2,000 years old. Muni and I loll there today on a carpet of cedar needles, cracking walnuts and jokes, and munching on apples and fresh yellow dates.

Before lunch we tramp down to calm, quiet Maaser el Chouf, where the biosphere HQ is in a restored Ottoman house from where you can also hire bikes. Maaser is a mixed Druze and Christian village where, in 1983, 63 Christian women, children and men were massacred by their neighbours.

The Phoenicians used the forests from Mount Lebanon to build their ship fleet and to trade with their Levantine neighbors. The Phoenicians and successor rulers consistently replanted and restocked the range; even as late as the 16th century, its forested area was considerable.[2]

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For centuries, the Maronites of the region have been protected by the noble Khazen family, which was endowed the responsibility by Pope Clement X and King Louis XIV and given Cheikh status in return for guarding the princes Fakhr-al-Din II and Younès al-Maani.[6][7][8] The Khazen crest reflects the family's special closeness to Mount Lebanon, with snowy mountains and a cedar tree depicted.[6][9][10]

In the rocky hills behind the shrine, there's a shepherd and his flock of black goats in the distance, and hawthorn trees from which to pick tart yellow berries.

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Lebanon has historically been defined by the mountains, which provided protection for the local population. In Lebanon, changes in scenery are related less to geographical distances than to altitudes. The mountains were known for their oak and pine forests. The last remaining old growth groves of the famous Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani var. libanii) is on the high slopes of Mount Lebanon, in the Cedars of God World Heritage Site.