The languages introduced by the process of the European colonization of the Americas are chiefly Indo-European, some of whom have given rise to the formation of creoles.
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Hindustani and other Indian languages are commonly found in Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.
After having lived through a period of great censorship by the government in the 1970’s, the press in Uruguay today expresses a wide range of opinions and political views. There are more than 100 private newspapers and 150 radio stations as well as some 30 television channels. Reporters Without Borders considers Uruguay one of the freer countries of the continent.
Most South American countries mandate the regular study of one or more of English, French, German or Italian. These countries often have advanced cultural language institutes for those respective languages centered in their major cites.
Italian is spoken by communities in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Uruguay, Peru, and Venezuela.
There are also small clusters of Japanese-speakers in Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay, and Ecuador. Brazil currently holds the largest Japanese community outside Japan 
Indigenous languages of South America include, among several others, Quechua languages in Bolivia, Peru, and Ecuador; Guaraní in Paraguay and, to a much lesser extent, in Bolivia; Aymara in Bolivia, Peru, and less often in Chile; and Mapudungun is spoken in certain pockets of southern Chile and, more rarely, Argentina.
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Other official and majority languages in specific countries are:
If you want to study Spanish in a language academy, you may want to check out the Grupo de Turismo Idiomático, a private sector initiative supported by the Ministry of Tourism.
Portuñol (or Brasilero) is a mixture of Portuguese and Spanish used on the Brazilian border.
Originally settled by the tribal Charrúa people, Uruguay's territory was hotly contested from the arrival of the first Europeans, due to its strategic position near the mouth of the Río de la Plata. The Spanish established the capital Montevideo in 1726 but continued to battle with the Portuguese for control of the region.
¿Sabías qué….? Uruguay is by far the smallest country, in terms of population, to ever win a World Cup.
Roman Catholic is the predominant religion (47%), followed by Protestantism (11%). Other religious minorities, including Judaism, account for less than 2% of the population. 40% of Uruguayans claim no religious affiliation.
Shaking hands is the normal form of greeting. Uruguayans are very hospitable and like to entertain both at home and in restaurants. Normal courtesies should be observed. Smoking is not allowed in public spaces, including restaurants, cinemas, theatres and public transport.
Javanese is commonly found in Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.
This web edition of the Ethnologue may be cited as: Lewis, M. Paul, Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig (eds.). 2016. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Nineteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com.
The Rapa Nui Language is a Polynesian origin found in Easter Island, Chile and Maori is also found in Easter Island.
In 1828, a scrappy band of patriots led by General Juan Lavalleja and inspired by nationalist hero José Artigas finally won independence for Uruguay, establishing it as a buffer between the newly formed nations of Brazil and Argentina.
Althought most Uruguayans have studied English at school, they do not actually speak or use it. However, some Uruguayans have studied English at private institutes, so they can speak it well. Outside Montevideo and Punta del Este there are few English speakers. You will find English spoken in most tourist spots (shopping centers and in Punta del Este) and some restaurants will probably have English-speaking staff.
Portuguese is the majority language of South America, by a small margin. Spanish, with slightly fewer speakers than Portuguese, is the second most spoken language on the continent.
Uruguayan territory is predominantly composed of plains and small hill ranges split by rivers and basins. The weather is temperate and humid with warm to hot summers and tropical air flowing down from Brazil. In the winter, polar air can make it cool to cold although it rarely goes below 0 degrees (Celsius) and it rarely snows. Weather changes can be abrupt since there are no mountains to shield from winds.
El País – www.elpais.com.uy La Republica – www.larepublica.com.uy
Welsh is spoken and written in the historic towns of Trelew and Rawson in the Argentine Patagonia.
The languages of South America can be divided into three broad groups:
Before taking the presidency, Mujica had spent 14 years in prison for opposing the previous dictatorship. Whilst in power he donated 90% of his salary to charity, legalised marijuana and continued to pick up hitchhikers in his old VW Beetle, making him something of a hero around the world. He was succeeded by Tabaré Vázquez in 2015.
Spanish is spoken everywhere. The pronunciation and the use of the vos pronoun instead of tú is practically identical to the Spanish variety spoken in Argentina.
Languages Spoken In Uruguay
The official language is Spanish. Along the northern border with Brazil, many residents also speak a hybrid of Spanish and Portuguese known as Portuñol. English is widely spoken in tourist resorts.
As the 20th century progressed, Uruguay's economic fortunes deteriorated and in the 1970s the country slid into a dictatorship under Juan Maria Bordaberry Arocena. Civilian rule resumed in 1985, accompanied by the ascendancy of the Frente Amplio, a leftist coalition that became Uruguay's first successful third party under President José Mujica.
Amerindian traits can be found everywhere in Uruguayan culture, from cuisine to vocabulary.(But there is no amerindian population left)
Speakers of Arabic (chiefly of Lebanese, Syrian or Palestinian descent), are commonly found in parts of in Brazil, Colombia, Argentina, Paraguay and Chile.
There are small Croatian, Polish, Ukrainian and Russian-speaking communities in Brazil, Chile, and Argentina. There are also many Romani-speakers, originating in Eastern Europe, throughout South America particularly in Colombia, Chile, Brazil, and Argentina.
In Brazil, Italian and German dialects, specifically Talian, Pomeranian and Riograndenser Hunsrückisch, have co-official status alongside Portuguese in about a dozen cities, and are mandatory subjects in schools in other municipalities
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In Brazil, there are around 135 indigenous languages confirmed. The regions with the most speakers are northern and western Brazil, where there is a larger concentration of native people. Indigenous populations have been trying to keep their traditions of their homeland, with the help of Funai, the agency responsible for the protection of the native people.
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It’s not just the season to be jolly but also the perfect time to go travelling. From the North Pole right down to the South, we’ve got six festive ideas for the dream December getaway.
Did you know? • In 1930, Uruguay hosted the first FIFA World Cup, beating their arch-rivals, Argentina, 4-2 in the final. • The Tupamaros were Marxist urban guerrillas, who wrought havoc in the late 1960s. Their leader and future president Jose Mujica was imprisoned at the bottom of a well. • Fray Bentos, a town in western Uruguay, was the original home of corned beef, and is now a listed UNESCO World Heritage Site.
In the late 19th century, an influx of European immigrants helped transform Uruguay into an agricultural powerhouse. Under the progressive Colorado administrations of José Batlle y Ordonez between 1903 and 1915, Uruguay established Latin America's first welfare state, gave women the vote and abolished both the death penalty and the link between church and state.