To cover staffing needs for the response in Guinea, CDC partners with the Public Health Agency of Canada and FETP medical epidemiologists of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa. Worldwide, the World Health Organization has reported 28,637 cases of Ebola and 11,315 deaths. CDC and partners are working together to stop the epidemic…read more

Ethnographic research conducted in rural and urban areas of the Republic of Guinea explored perceived distinctions between biomedical and traditional health practices and found that these distinctions shape parental decisions in seeking infant health care, with 93% of all health expenditure taking place outside the state sector.[4]

Several factors are fueling the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Guinea. They include unprotected sex, multiple sexual partners, illiteracy, endemic poverty, unstable borders, refugee migration, lack of civic responsibility, and scarce medical care and public services.[11]

In June 2011, the Guinean government announced the establishment of an air solidarity levy on all flights taking off from national soil, with funds going to UNITAID to support expanded access to treatment for HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria.[5] Guinea is among the growing number of countries and development partners using market-based transactions taxes and other innovative financing mechanisms to expand financing options for health care in resource-limited settings.

The 2010 maternal mortality rate per 100,000 births for Guinea is 680. This is compared with 859.9 in 2008 and 964.7 in 1990. The under 5 mortality rate, per 1,000 births is 146 and the neonatal mortality as a percentage of under 5's mortality is 29. In Guinea the number of midwives per 1,000 live births is 1 and the lifetime risk of death for pregnant women is 1 in 26.[13]

An estimated 170,000 adults and children were infected at the end of 2004.[9][10] Surveillance surveys conducted in 2001 and 2002 show higher rates of HIV in urban areas than in rural areas. Prevalence was highest in Conakry (5%) and in the cities of the Forest Guinea region (7%) bordering Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.[11]

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CDC assigned staff only 7 U.S. Assignees 6 Locally Employed

In 1999, the number of people living with HIV/AIDS was estimated at 55,000 and deaths from AIDS that year were estimated at 5,600. HIV prevalence was 1.54 per 100 adults.

Since 1986, Guinea has been revamping its health care system. Using the Bamako Initiative previously used by other sub-Saharan African nations, Guinea has set up several smaller health centers that offer immunization services, AIDS prevention and control, family planning, and tuberculosis control. In 1995, 105 health posts were functioning.

National health systems have three overall goals: 1. good health, 2. responsiveness to the expectations of the population, and 3. fairness of financial contribution.

Population: 10,985,000 Per capita income: $1,160 Life expectancy at birth women/men: 57/55 yrs Infant mortality rate: 67/1000 live births Source: PRB 2014 World Population Data Sheet

The 2014 CIA estimated average life expectancy in Guinea was 59.60 years.[7]

Since March 2014, Guinea has been part of combatting the largest and most complex outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease in history. The epidemic started in Guinea and spread to other West African countries. With more than 250,000 cases, it is the largest Ebola epidemic in history and has caused more than ten times as many Ebola cases than the combined total of all previously reported Ebola outbreaks.

Medical insurance for those living or working in Guinea. Customized Guinea health insurance plans and quotes available.

HIV is spread primarily through multiple-partner heterosexual intercourse. Men and women are at nearly equal risk for HIV, with young people aged 15 to 24 most vulnerable. Surveillance figures from 2001–2002 show high rates among commercial sex workers (42%), active military personnel (6.6%), truck drivers and bush taxi drivers (7.3%), miners (4.7%), and adults with tuberculosis (8.6%).[11]

As of 1999, there were an estimated 0.1 physicians and 0.6 hospital beds per 1,000 people. It is estimated that 80% of the population had access to health care services in 1990–95.

CDC is working with Guinea to improve their ability to prevent, detect and respond to infectious disease threats.  This work helps meet the U.S. commitment to assist at least 31 countries in reaching the targets outlined in the Global Health Security Agenda. CDC’s extensive global health presence and experience are critical to achieving these targets.

In 2014 there was an outbreak of the Ebola virus in Guinea. In response, the health ministry banned the sale and consumption of bats, thought to be carriers of the disease. Despite this measure, the virus eventually spread from rural areas to Conakry.[8]

This section of the analytical profile is structured along the lines of the WHO Framework and the priorities described by the 2008 Ouagadougou Declaration.

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CDC has collaborated with the Government of Guinea and other partners to control and end the Ebola outbreak that has been ongoing in Guinea since March 2014. Response activities have been coordinated with United States Government partners, the Government of Guinea, other foreign governments, and nonprofit organizations such as the CDC Foundation. Download Overview Fact Sheet