reproduction in which eggs are released by the female; development of offspring occurs outside the mother's body.

The green-and-black poison dart frog is found in the humid lowlands from southeastern Nicaragua on the Atlantic slope and southeastern Costa Rica on the Pacific versant through Panama to northwestern Colombia (Chocó Department).[1][2][4] An introduced populations exist on Oahu;[1][2][3][5] the species was on purpose introduced there in 1932 for mosquito control. Later on, it seems to have also become established on Maui.[3]

an animal which has a substance capable of killing, injuring, or impairing other animals through its chemical action (for example, the skin of poison dart frogs).

A large change in the shape or structure of an animal that happens as the animal grows. In insects, "incomplete metamorphosis" is when young animals are similar to adults and change gradually into the adult form, and "complete metamorphosis" is when there is a profound change between larval and adult forms. Butterflies have complete metamorphosis, grasshoppers have incomplete metamorphosis.

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Size Up to 50mm in length. Males tend to be smaller and thinner than females.

the region of the earth that surrounds the equator, from 23.5 degrees north to 23.5 degrees south.

The oldest green and black poison dart frog on record was 20 years old.

Green-and-black poison dart frogs are popular exotic pets due to their small size, bright colors, and intriguing behavior. As with all frogs, they have permeable skin and should not be handled.

The only known predator of most of the poison dart frog family is the fire-bellied snake (Leimadophis epinephelus), which has developed a resistance to frog’s poison.

Poison dart frogs are also known as poison arrow frogs. This name derives from Amerindian tribes using their toxic secretions on darts and arrow heads for hunting.

After an elaborate courtship display, females lay eggs in a safe area on land or on a leaf. The eggs are fertilised and cared for by the male. As the tadpoles hatch out of the eggs, the male will encourage them on to his back. The male will carry up to 2 tadpoles at a time to small pools of collected rain water within plants, puddles and logs. Once they have been relocated to individual pools, all parental care stops.

reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female

Poison dart frogs are carnivores. They will feed on spiders and various small insects including ants and termites.

The bright colours of poison adart frogs act as a warning to other animals that they are harmful to eat; any animal that has tried to eat a poison frog will soon release it, and then associate the colourings with a bad taste. The toxins produced in the skin of poison dart frogs are made using nutrients within their wild diet (mostly from ants and termites).

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the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic.

referring to animal species that have been transported to and established populations in regions outside of their natural range, usually through human action.

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movements of a hard surface that are produced by animals as signals to others

having more than one female as a mate at one time

having the capacity to move from one place to another.

the business of buying and selling animals for people to keep in their homes as pets.

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. Additional support has come from the Marisla Foundation, UM College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, Museum of Zoology, and Information and Technology Services.

The green-and-black poison dart frog is semiarboreal, hunting, courting, and sleeping in the trees. However, as it is a small frog, it cannot jump far enough to span the distances between trees, so it returns to the ground when it wants to travel. To assist in climbing, the frog has small, sucker-like discs on the ends of its toes, which create a slight suction as the frogs climb, making their grip mildly adhesive.

Green and black poison dart frogs can breed from 6-15 months old with breeding usually occuings the same time as the rainy season, from mid-July to mid-September.

Green and Black Poison Dart Frogs are small frogs which have bright green coloring with black spots. They have a small sticky pad on the bottom of each toe.

Just inside Tropical World, opposite the leaf-cutter ants.document.write("Show on map ");

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Pam Fuller. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.

These animals are active in the day (diurnal) and will hunt during this time using their excellent vision to find their prey, and capturing them using their long sticky tongues.

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The tadpoles will stay in these relocated areas for a few months, feeding on algae and insects that have fallen in to the water, until they develop in to frogs and are able to leave.

In the wild, Green and Black Poison Dart Frogs eat small invertebrates, such as spiders and small insects. At Cosley Zoo, these frogs are fed fruit flies and crickets.

a substance used for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease

Green And Black Poison Dart Frog

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young are born in a relatively underdeveloped state; they are unable to feed or care for themselves or locomote independently for a period of time after birth/hatching. In birds, naked and helpless after hatching.

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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2016]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [11/2/2016].

These animals are often found within protected reserves in South America, and they are also found within many captive breeding projects to help preserve the species.

having coloration that serves a protective function for the animal, usually used to refer to animals with colors that warn predators of their toxicity. For example: animals with bright red or yellow coloration are often toxic or distasteful.