Of course, these airborne contaminants present a danger to all birds, not just canaries.

Although they are non-aggressive and social by nature when kept in aviaries, they might fight occasionally with aggressive co-habitants like hookbills, lovebirds, and parakeets. When kept in cages, they could become quite territorial, which is why two male canaries should not be paired up in the same cage.

They do make very pretty aviary birds - and the melodious song of the males add a lot to the charm of any aviary.

Canaries were once regularly used in coal mining as an early warning system.[10] Toxic gases such as carbon monoxide, methane [11] or carbon dioxide in the mine would kill the bird before affecting the miners. Signs of distress from the bird indicated to the miners that conditions were unsafe. The use of miners' canaries in British mines was phased out in 1987.[12]

The most easily recognized domesticated form is bright yellow; however, many different color variations and other type canaries have been bred in captivity.

provided and swapped regularly to avoid boredom (which can lead to aggression and feather plucking).

.. and I know, having handfed some of them from day 1 (which is not an easy task). However, these charming birds do become quite confiding, and may eventually without fear perch on your finger or your shoulder.

The domestic Canaries are amongst the most popular and common cage and aviary birds globally.

Most people keep males and females in separate cages, except during breeding season. When buying pet canaries, great care must be taken to ensure the right mix of sexes in a cage. A mistake could lead to the birds attacking each other, even to the extent that one may kill another.

Feral introduced populations have also established themselves on the islands of Bermuda in the North Atlantic Ocean, located off the east coast of the United States.

The demand for these birds was greater than what was available, which drove the price for these birds up and only the wealthy could afford them. Eventually Italians obtained some of these birds for breeding, and as their popularity and availability increased, these birds were bred all over Europe.

Since domestic canaries prefer wide open spaces, a canary pair should be kept in a spacious canary cage measuring at least 50 cm (20 inches) in width and length. Keeping some tree branches or softwood perches, having diameter of 0.3-0.75 inches, helps them in wearing their claws down naturally. The cage can be placed at a height of 6 feet from the floor or hung from wall brackets. The birds can also be kept in roomy indoor/outdoor aviaries or bird rooms depending on the area.

The canaries are most in demand for their attractive songs which are comparable to the silvery twittering sounds made by Goldfinches. Several breeds of song canaries have been produced - each one with their own unique and specific song patterns.

Avoid placing a canary's cage where it is in a draft, or be in full glare of sunlight without any shade available. If you let your canary out to fly about for exercise, always cover mirrors and windows, as they may fly into them and break their neck.

They would succumb quickly to any toxic gases - such as carbon monoxide, methane or carbon dioxide - giving the miners a chance to escape before they themselves were affected.

The same occurred in England. First the birds were only owned by the rich but eventually the local citizens started to breed them and, again, they became very popular. Many breeds arose through selective breeding, and they are still very popular today for their voices.

Availability: Canaries are widely available in the pet industry. A large selection of characteristics can be found in canaries for sale from, color, song, size, feathering and shape. Canaries for sale that are young birds, those that have completed their first molt, are easiest to get in the fall just before the end of the breeding season. These birds are best if you want one to tame your canary or to train your canary for show. Canaries are also a fairly inexpensive little birds.

Be sure to cover your canary's cage at night so the light stops with the sunset.  This keeps him in tune with the seasons.

Their average weight is 0.7 oz or 20 grams; although they may weigh as little as 0.4 0z (12 grams) or as much as 1 oz (29 grams) (depending on the breed).

The life expectancy of a canary is between 10 to 15 years, depending on its genetic make-up and, most importantly, the quality of its diet.

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The domestic canaries are mainly classified into three groups:

Canaries are well known for their delicate respiratory systems. This was one of the reasons why they were regularly used in coal mining as an early warning system.

In an aviary setting, I found them to be very social beings. A little "friendly" fight here and there with their aviary co-habitants, but generally they get along really well and are non-aggressive.

Domestic Canary

They make a great choice for people who enjoy watching birds rather than having a demanding pet that requires a lot of personal attention.

Appropriate nutrition that includes cuttlefish bone, liquid vitamin drops, fresh greens (like Brussels sprouts, dandelion, chickweed), seedy grass heads, fruits, vegetables (apple, carrot, broccoli) and soft food recipes (having ingredients like biscuit crumbs, bread crumbs, gelatin, and hardboiled egg) is essential for their health.

Fernando Nottebohm, a professor at the Rockefeller University in New York City, detailed the brain structures and pathways that are involved in the production of bird song.[14][15] Canaries were used by SINGARENI coal company of Telangana STATE of India for detection of carbon monoxide under coal mines.

Plenty of movement in their aviaries or flight cages is of prime importance to their well being and health. Cage accessories like branches, mirrors, and toys should be kept to minimum so that the canaries can move freely.

A wicker nest or a nesting pan made of earthenware, metal, or ceramic can be mounted inside the cage, giving the birds a perfect breeding environment. The birds also accept nesting materials like tissue paper, burlap, cotton wool, plumber’s hemp, hessian, corn cob bedding, and soft wood shavings to construct their nests.

Most types of canaries can sing, though they may not sing all the time. A canary singing is entertaining in itself but they have some other very desirable traits as well. Adding a pet canary to your home doesn't add an unwelcome burden. They are small, so keeping canaries takes up very little space. They are also less costly to purchase than many of the larger parrots and some of the other soft billed birds.

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Canaries love bathing and should be allowed to bathe often. Offer cold water for them to bathe in, as it improves their feather condition. Warm water, on the other hand, will strip essential oils from the feathers, and may encourage itching and picking, rather than preening. Plentiful time to bathe is especially important to a canary during the moult.

Canary breeders over time developed many different varieties / breeds to alter their appearance or enhance certain qualities (such as song) through selective breeding methods.

Male canaries can mimic sounds such as telephone ring tones and door bell chimes, but only if they hear these sounds while young. Canaries can be taught tricks over time but great patience is required as they are fairly timid birds.

Plug-in air fresheners or stand-alone fan fresheners are very toxic, as are some candles, especially scented ones (except unscented beeswax candles).

Common household hazards include fumes from the kitchen (cooking fumes and especially fumes from non-stick pans)- canaries should never be kept in a kitchen for this reason. They are also sensitive to smoke from cigarettes, aerosol sprays such as deodorant, air freshener and polish.

The wild Canaries originate from the Macaronesian Islands, where they inhabit semi-open areas, including orchards - from sea level up to an altitude of about 5,000 feet / 1,500 meters.

Canaries are hardy and undemanding, so the canary bird care is pretty easy. They don't pout like a parrot might if you are unable to play with them. And of course, being 'bird-oriented' rather than 'people-oriented', they are unlikely to become finger tame birds. You can simply sit back, relax, and enjoy the antics of these little charmers, and a pretty canary song as well.

You canary needs plenty of exercise and should be kept in a rectangular cage at least 10 inches wide and 17 inches long.

Many people don't realize that these charming little birds can be taught to improve the quality of their songs and imitate a variety of sounds.