Since the closure of the carriage-works, the site has been developed into offices. York's economy has been developing in the areas of science, technology and the creative industries. The city has become a founding National Science City with the creation of a science park near the University of York.[111] Between 1998 and 2008 York gained 80 new technology companies and 2,800 new jobs in the sector.[112]

The railway promoter George Hudson was responsible for bringing the railway to York in 1839. Although Hudson's career as a railway entrepreneur ended in disgrace and bankruptcy, his promotion of his own railway company, the York and North Midland Railway and of York over Leeds, helped establish York as a major railway centre by the late 19th century.[40]

From Christian Festivals to daily worship, everybody is welcome to join the services at York Minster.

Regional gross value added figures for York, at 2005 basic prices in pounds sterling, are:[113]

One of our art historians curates a new exhibition exploring human and animal flesh in art.

Each year Visit York host hundreds of journalists and travel writers in the city, from the UK and overseas across print, online and broadcast media. Read about what some of these top Journalists have to say about York.

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York lies in the Vale of York, a flat area of fertile arable land bordered by the Pennines, the North York Moors and the Yorkshire Wolds The city was built at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss on a terminal moraine left by the last Ice Age.[68]

York's Right Honourable Lord Mayor for 2014–15 is Councillor Ian Gillies.[64] The Sheriff is John Kenny.[65] Both appointments are made each May for a period of one year. Although York's Sheriff office is the oldest in England it is now a purely ceremonial post. The Lord Mayor carries out civic and ceremonial duties in addition to chairing full meetings of the council.[60]

At the time of the 2011 UK census the population of York was 198,051 and its ethnic composition was 94.3% white, compared with the English average of 85.5%. York's population has a slightly higher elderly population than the national average.[91]

1776 saw the last recorded instance of a wife hanged and burnt for poisoning her husband. Horse theft was a capital offence. The culprits of lesser crimes were brought to court by the city constables and would face a fine. The corporation employed a "common informer" whose task was to bring criminals to justice.[129]

The Knavesmire, home of York Racecourse, plays host to Yorkshire's largest beer festival every September run by York CAMRA - York Beer & Cider Festival.[176] It is housed in a marquee opposite the grandstand of the racecourse in the enclosure and in 2016 will offer over 450 real ales and over 100 ciders.[177]

York is a wonderful haven for shopaholics looking for something a little different. From independent boutiques to all the high street names you'd expect in a modern city, York has something for everyone...

Rich in ancient history, romantic ambience and fun activities, York is the perfect holiday destination for couples, families, groups and the solo tripper. Renowned for its exquisite architecture, tangle of quaint cobbled streets, iconic York Minster and wealth of visitor attractions, York is a flourishing city, just two hours by train from London.

York is the traditional county town of Yorkshire, yet it did not form part of any of its three historic ridings, or divisions. York is an ancient borough, and was reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 to form a municipal borough. It gained the status of a county borough in 1889, under the Local Government Act 1888, and existed so until 1974, when, under the Local Government Act 1972, it became a non-metropolitan district in the county of North Yorkshire.[56][57]

York was a centre of early photography. Photographers who had studios in York included William Hayes, William Pumphrey, and Augustus Mahalski who operated on Davygate and Low Petergate in the 19th century having come to England as a refugee after serving as a Polish lancer in the Austro-Hungarian war.[51][52]

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A 2 night break at the stunning York Marriott Hotel, with its easily accessible location, within walking distance of the city centre, overlooking York Racecourse.Two 2 day York Passes to experience York’s top attractions.Two standard class Virgin Trains East Coast Rail tickets from any Virgin Trains East Coast mainline station!

The word York (from Old Norse Jórvík, from the 9th century AD) derives from the Latinised name for the city, variously rendered as Eboracum, Eburacum or Eburaci. The first mention of York by this name is dated to circa 95–104 AD as an address on a wooden stylus tablet from the Roman fortress of Vindolanda in Northumberland.[4]

In the 19th century, York became a hub of the railway network and a confectionery manufacturing centre. In recent decades, the economy of York has moved from being dominated by its confectionery and railway-related industries to one that provides services. The University of York and health services have become major employers, whilst tourism has become an important element of the local economy.

The number of theft-from-a-vehicle offences and theft of a vehicle per 1,000 of the population was 8.8 and 2.7, compared to the English national average of 6.9 and 2.7 respectively.[90] The number of sexual offences was 0.9, in line with the national average.[90] The national average of violence against another person was 16.2 compared to the York average of 17.5.[90] The figures for crime statistics were all recorded during the 2006–07 financial year.

Guy Fawkes, who was born and educated in York, was a member of a group of Roman Catholic restorationists that planned the Gunpowder Plot.[36] Its aim was to displace Protestant rule by blowing up the Houses of Parliament while King James I, the entire Protestant, and even most of the Catholic aristocracy and nobility were inside.

During this general time period, the American city of New York and the colony that contained it were renamed after the Duke of York (later King James II).[38]

York is one of the most fascinating, diverse and romantic cities in the world. Discover a rich history dating back to Roman times, world-class visitor attractions and fantastic family activities. 

Save on attractions with a 1, 2 or 3 day official York Pass. Giving you entry to 30 top York attractions for one great price, the pass is a great way to save money during your stay in the city. The York Pass also includes exclusive discount vouchers to use in shops, restaurants and attractions in York.

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The city's first hospital, York County Hospital, opened in 1740 in Monkgate[117] funded by public subscription. It closed in 1976 when it was replaced by York Hospital, which opened the same year and gained Foundation status in April 2007. It has 524 adult inpatient beds and 127 special purpose beds providing general healthcare and some specialist inpatient, daycase and outpatient services.[118] It is also known as York District Hospital and YDH.[118]

Until the end of the 20th century, the Ouse was used by barges to carry freight between York and the port of Hull. The last significant traffic was the supply of newsprint to the local newspaper's Foss-side print works, which continued until 1997. Today navigation is almost exclusively leisure-oriented.


Following their review in 2003 of parliamentary representation in North Yorkshire, the Boundary Commission for England recommended the creation of two new seats for the City of York, in time for the general election in 2010. These are York Central, which covers the inner urban area, and is entirely surrounded by the York Outer constituency.[54]

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York Minster, the largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe, dominates the city.[72]

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York has an airfield at the former RAF Elvington, some 7 miles (11 km) south-east of the city centre, which is the home of the Yorkshire Air Museum. Elvington is used for private aviation. Plans have been drafted to expand the site for business aviation or a full commercial service.[133]

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York St John University has a Film and Television Production department with links to many major industrial partners. The department hosts an annual festival of student work and a showcase of other regional films.[191]

York Minster was the origin (meridian) of the 6 inch and 1:2500 Ordnance Survey maps for Yorkshire.[207]

In 866, Northumbria was in the midst of internecine struggles when the Vikings raided and captured York. Under Viking rule the city became a major river port, part of the extensive Viking trading routes throughout northern Europe. The last ruler of an independent Jórvík, Eric Bloodaxe, was driven from the city in 954 AD by King Eadred in his successful attempt to complete the unification of England.[27]

The city's first subscription library opened in 1794.[120] In 1893 the first free public library, the York Library, was built to mark Queen Victoria's jubilee. The library was on Clifford Street but a new building was erected on Museum Street in 1927 and is still the library today. The library was extended in 1934 and 1938.[121]

A brawl between ‘around 100 schoolchildren’ broke out resulting in six arrests and two people needing hospital treatment.