Truro (/ˈtrʊəroʊ/; Cornish: Truru) is a city and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. Truro is Cornwall's county town and only city, its centre for administration, leisure and retail and had a population recorded in the 2011 census of 18,766. It is the most southern city in mainland Great Britain. People from Truro are known as Truronians.
By the start of the 14th century Truro was an important port, due to its inland location away from invaders, prosperity from the fishing industry, and its new role as one of Cornwall's stannary towns for assaying and stamping tin and copper from Cornish mines. The Black Death arrived, and with it a trade recession, resulting in a mass exodus of the population; and the town was left in a very neglected state.
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The Royal Cornwall Museum is home to Poldark author Winston Graham’s handwritten manuscripts, the Winston Graham Historical Fiction Prize, and even Winston Graham’s typewriter. Now this longstanding association with Poldark is taking a new turn at the Royal Cornwall Museum with a brand new trail of 18th Century objects curated by University of York Historian and Poldark TV series Historical Advisor, Dr Hannah Greig.
Truro's importance increased later in the 19th century and it had its own iron smelting works, potteries, and tanneries. The Great Western Railway arrived in Truro in the 1860s with a direct line from London Paddington, and the Bishopric of Truro Act 1876 which gave the town a bishop, then a cathedral. The next year Queen Victoria granted Truro city status.
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Major employers in the city include the Royal Cornwall Hospital, Cornwall Council, and Truro College. There are about 22,000 jobs available in Truro, compared to only 9,500 economically active people living in the city. So many local workers commute into Truro: a major factor in the city's traffic congestion problems. Average earnings are higher than the rest of Cornwall.
The Truro City Carnival takes place every September over a weekend, including various arts and music performances, children's activities, a fireworks display, food and drinks fairs, a circus, and a parade. A half-marathon also takes place in September, organised by Truro Running Club, with hundreds of participants running from the city centre into the countryside towards Kea, returning to finish at Lemon Quay.
Truro is twinned with Boppard, in the Rhineland-Palatinate region of Germany, and Morlaix in Brittany, France, after which Morlaix Avenue in Truro is named.
There is a yearlong festival programme, weekly food markets and several art galleries, cultural events and historical attractions:
Truro is often mentioned in Winston Graham’s books; and this Autumn experience an exclusive trail with Poldark’s TV Historian at the Royal Cornwall Museum.
Cathedral in the Community Click here to view a short video highlighting how Truro Cathedral has inspired the people of Cornwall.
Centre stage is Truro Cathedral with its impressive gothic towers dominating the skyline. In its shadow, a warren of compact streets are home to an impressive array of independent traders. From boutiques to bookshops and designer interiors to delicatessens, this great little city offers a unique shopping experience. The café culture is pretty impressive too, with hip coffee houses, artisan ice creameries and cocktail bars dotted across the centre.
The Burrell Theatre is Truro’s hidden gem in the heart of Cornwall. The theatre produces and receives a diverse mix of theatre, dance, live music and film and with a seating capacity of 200 or a standing capacity of 350.
Truro has mainly grown and developed around the historic city centre in a nucleated fashion along the slopes of the bowl valley, except for fast linear development along the A390 to the west, towards Threemilestone. As Truro has grown, it has incorporated a number of other settlements as suburbs or unofficial districts. These include Kenwyn and Moresk to the north, Trelander to the east, Newham to the south, and Highertown, Treliske and Gloweth to the west.
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Housing prices in Truro are[when?] at an all-time high, and are 8% higher than the rest of Cornwall. Truro was named in 2006 as the top small city in the United Kingdom for increasing house prices, at 262% since 1996. There is a heavy demand for new housing in the city, and a call for inner city properties to be converted into flats or houses to encourage city centre living and to reduce the dependence on cars.
The bustling Cathedral City of Truro is the centre for administration, commerce and tourism for the County of Cornwall. Truro, called after Tri-veru meaning three rivers which includes the Rivers Kenwyn and Allen, has developed close to the Truro River and with good road and rail links is within easy reach of almost every part of Cornwall.
Controversial developments include the construction of a new stadium for Truro City F.C. and the Cornish Pirates, and the relocation of the city's golf course to make way for more housing. A smaller project is the addition of two large sculptures in the Piazza.
In April, Truro prepares to partake in the Britain in Bloom competition, with many floral displays and hanging baskets dotted around the city throughout the summer. A "continental market" also comes to Truro during the season[clarification needed] and features food and craft stalls from all over Europe including France, Spain, Italy, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Greece.
Trade gradually returned and the town became prosperous during the Tudor period. Self-governance was awarded in 1589 when a new charter was granted by Elizabeth I, which gave Truro an elected mayor and control over the port of Falmouth.
Been thinking about volunteering for Truro Cathedral? Volunteering is a rewarding experience. It gives you a chance to get involved with something you feel passionately about and use your skills to help others. Here at Truro Cathedral there are all sorts of areas you can get involved with as a volunteer, from becoming a trained guide, to learning about our internal TV system and filming events.
The former Truro Girls Grammar School was converted into a Sainsbury's supermarket.
Truro prospered greatly during the 18th and 19th centuries. Industry flourished thanks to improved mining methods and higher prices for tin, and the town attracted wealthy mine owners. Elegant Georgian and Victorian townhouses were built, such as those seen today on Lemon Street, named after the mining magnate and local MP Sir William Lemon; Truro became the centre for high society in the county, being mentioned as "the London of Cornwall".
St John's Church (dedicated to St John the Evangelist) was built in 1828 (architect P. Sambell) in the Classical style on a rectangular plan and with a gallery. Considerable alterations were carried out in the 1890s.
Truro Prep School Highertown, Truro, Cornwall, TR1 3QN
The earliest records and archaeological findings of a permanent settlement in the Truro area originate from Norman times. A castle was built in the 12th century by Richard de Luci, Chief Justice of England in the reign of Henry II, who for his services to the court was granted land in Cornwall, including the area surrounding the confluence of the two rivers. The town grew in the shadow of the castle and was awarded borough status to further economic activity. The castle has long since gone.
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Based at Truro School, the Sir Ben Ainslie Sports Centre is Cornwall’s premier sports facility. Opened in October 2013 the Sir Ben Ainslie Sports Centre boasts some of the best facilities in Cornwall.
There is also a boat link to Falmouth along the Rivers Truro and Fal, four times daily, tide permitting. The small fleet run by Enterprise Boats and part of the Fal River Links also stops at Malpas, Trelissick, Tolverne and St Mawes.
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The Truro area has an oceanic climate similar to the remainder of Cornwall. The climate in the area sees even fewer extremes in temperature than the remainder of England and is marked by high rainfall, cool summers, mild winters and frosts being very rare.
The Royal Cornwall Museum in River Street has a fine geological collection and many other interesting exhibits on Cornish history and culture. Of particular interest is the 6th century 'Arthur's inscribed stone', found at Tintagel Castle and a real Egyptian mummy! In addition to the permanent collections there are frequent other interesting temporary exhibitions.
The oldest church in Truro is at Kenwyn, on the northern side of the city. It is of 14th/15th century date.
On many Saturdays there are Art, Craft, Food and Drink Fairs held in marquees on Lemon Quay, organised by Deborah Martyn Events. Just around the corner is Lemon Street Market, now stunningly refurbished, where a variety of specialist shops and cafes can be found.
There is a Quaker Meeting House built in granite (ca. 1830) and among the Methodist chapels (and the only one still in use for its original purpose) is that in Union Place which has a broad granite front (1830, but since enlarged). There are numerous other churches, some meeting in their own modern buildings (St Piran's Catholic, All Saints Highertown) and some in schools or halls. The Baptist church building occupies the site of the former Lake's pottery, one of the oldest in Cornwall.
Just outside on Lemon Quay, Truro Farmer’s Market trades every Wednesday and Saturday, offering fresh, quality produce, direct from local producers to the public. On Wednesdays, the farmers are joined by other local traders who together form the Wednesday Open Air Market.
There’s no better way to taste life at Truro School than to come and see it for yourself.