We will use the starred location to give you relevant local information across the BBC.

Newcastle railway station, also known as Newcastle Central Station, is a principal stop on the East Coast Main Line and Cross Country Route. Central Station is one of the busiest stations in Britain.[222]

In the south eastern corner is Exhibition Park, which contains the only remaining pavilion from the North East Coast Exhibition of 1929. From 1970s until 2006 this housed the Newcastle Military Vehicle Museum; which closed in 2006. The pavilion is now being restored and will shortly reopen as a microbrewery and concert venue for Wylam Brewery.[75]

The Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead was a tragic and spectacular series of events starting on Friday 6 October 1854, in which a substantial amount of property in the two North East of England towns was destroyed in a series of fires and an explosion which killed 53 and injured hundreds.

Alan Shearer, former footballer an iconic Newcastle United player and the Premier League's all-time top goalscorer and England Captain.

The ground beneath the city is formed from Carboniferous strata of the Middle Pennine Coal Measures Group—a suite of sandstones, mudstones and coal seams which generally dip moderately eastwards. To the west of the city are the Upper Pennine Coal Measures and further west again the sandstones and mudstones of the Stainmore Formation, the local equivalent of the Millstone Grit.[57]

The Newcastle Warriors were a professional ice hockey team that played the 1995–96 season in the British Hockey League. The Newcastle Vipers were also a professional ice hockey team in the British National League from 2002 and then the Elite Ice Hockey League between 2005 and 2011 (when the team folded).

The spring time dawn chorus at 55 degrees latitude has been described as one of the best in the world.[76] The dawn chorus of the Jesmond Dene green space, has been professionally recorded and has been used in various workplace and hospital rehabilitation facilities.[76]

In 2011, 189,381 people lived in the unparished area of Newcastle upon Tyne but 280,177 people lived in the actual city and metropolitan borough. The unparished area excludes Newburn, Gosforth and the wards of Castle, Woolsington and Parklands and is made up of 17 wards from Walkergate in the east to Benwell and Scotswood in the west.[118]

The wooded gorge of the Ouseburn in the east of the city is known as Jesmond Dene and forms another popular recreation area, linked by Armstrong Park and Heaton Park to the Ouseburn Valley, where the river finally reaches the River Tyne.

Like most cities, Newcastle has diverse cross sections and classes.[115][116] The city is largely Christian at 70.6%; Muslims form 3.6%,[117] and over 16% have no religion.

Bill Bryson opens a new multi-million pound centre to lead the fight against cancers affecting children and young people

In 2016 open-air concerts will take place at Times Square for the first time, including performances from Maxïmo Park, Ocean Colour Scene and Catfish and the Bottlemen.[179][180][181]

Cheryl, pop singer, former member of Girls Aloud and former X Factor judge, previously known as Cheryl Tweedy, Cheryl Cole and Cheryl Fernandez-Versini.

Newcastle's thriving Chinatown lies in the north-west of Grainger Town, centred on Stowell Street. A new Chinese arch, or paifang, providing a landmark entrance, was handed over to the city with a ceremony in 2005.[78]

Newcastle upon Tyne is a true regional capital that clings to the north bank of the River Tyne that hosts seven city bridges. The most famous of these bridges is perhaps the great arched suspension bridge that carries the A1. The oldest of the bridges is the Robert Stephensons high combined road and rail bridge that was erected in 1849.

Newcastle's vernacular music was a mixture of Northumbrian folk music and nineteenth-century songs with dialect lyrics, by writers such as George "Geordie" Ridley, whose songs include one which became an unofficial Tyneside national anthem, Blaydon Races.

The health of people in Newcastle upon Tyne is generally worse than the England average:[124]

Between those two bridges is an elegant swing bridge that turns on a central pivot, built in 1876. All the other bridges are 20th century bridges, one carries the metro and over and underground railway system that first opened in 1980.

A permanent military presence was established in the city with the completion of Fenham Barracks in 1806.[33]

Further efforts to preserve the city's historic past continued in the later 20th century, with the opening of Newcastle Military Vehicle Museum in 1983 and Stephenson Railway Museum in 1986. The Military Vehicle museum closed in 2006.[52] New developments at the turn of the 21st century included the Life Science Centre in 2000 and Millennium Bridge in 2001.[53]

Newcastle is governed using the leader and cabinet system, and the executive is Labour, as they have 51 councillors against the Liberal Democrats' 26. No other parties hold seats on the city's council, however there is 1 independent Councillor.[217]

Newcastle's public transport system was modernised in 1901 when Newcastle Corporation Tramways electric trams were introduced to the city's streets, though these were replaced gradually by trolley buses from 1935, with the tram service finally coming to an end in 1950.[43]

Suburban cycle routes exist, which use converted trackbeds of former industrial wagonways and industrial railways. A network on Tyneside's suburban Victorian waggonways is being developed.[242] A network of signed on-road cycle routes is being established,[243] including some designated on-road cycle lanes that will lead from the city centre to the suburbs of Gosforth, Heaton and Wallsend.

Newcastle has a strong reputation as a poetry centre. The Morden Tower, run by poet Tom Pickard, is a major venue for poetry readings in the North East, being the place where Basil Bunting gave the first reading of Briggflatts in 1965.[143]

Equally as good is the Newcastle shopping. The Central Arcade is in an attractive Victorian building, and across the River Tyne in Gateshead is the Metro Centre, Europe’s largest shopping and leisure complex. Indeed, these 2 cities have a healthy rivalry that plays out in sport, architecture and, sometimes, the bizarre.

In the 18th century, Newcastle was the country's fourth largest print centre after London, Oxford and Cambridge,[31] and the Literary and Philosophical Society of 1793,[31] with its erudite debates and large stock of books in several languages, predated the London Library by half a century.[31] Newcastle also became a glass producer with a reputation for brilliant flint glass.[32]

The Members of parliament are Catherine McKinnell, Nick Brown and Chi Onwurah.

A series of conflicts with the Danes in 876, left the river Tyne and its settlements in ruin.[18] After the conflicts with the Danes; and following the 1088 rebellion against the Normans, Monkchester, was all but destroyed by Odo of Bayeux.

Apart from the city centre chain-cinema, the Empire multiplex, the city has its own independent cinema, the Tyneside Cinema.[186] The Tyneside Cinema, on Pilgrim Street, originally opened as the 'Bijou News-Reel Cinema' in 1937, and was designed and built by Dixon Scott, great-uncle of film directors Ridley Scott[185] and Tony Scott.

The Wellcome Trust has awarded £5m over the next five years to the Universities of Newcastle, Manchester, Leeds and Sheffield to create the 4ward North Clinical PhD Academy.

Newcastle-upon-Tyne

Experts involved in the world’s most in-depth study to develop early Alzheimer's treatment

A former Industrial Revolution hub, Newcastle has reinvented itself into a vibrant, forward-thinking city. Although no longer brewed here, Newcastle Brown Ale, or Newkie Brown, is synonymous with the city, so it’s no surprise that the nightlife is fantastic.

Council housing began to replace inner city slums in the 1920s and the process continued into the 1970s, along with substantial private house building and acquisitions.

Nine out of ten students are happy with their experience at Newcastle University

With so many different areas each offering new sights, sounds and experiences, you’ll be amazed at how much is on offer whatever your tastes. World-class culture, vibrant nightlife, award-winning dining, inspiring heritage, fantastic shopping and acclaimed architecture are linked here, as nowhere else, by the famous Geordie spirit.

Running along both sides of the River Tyne is the Metro that connects Newcastle with various historic attractions and the sandy beaches at Whitley Bay and Tynemouth, note that the beaches here are no comparison to the quality of the beaches up the Northumberland coast if you head a little further north.

Gateshead boasts the Angel of The North, a huge statue that is already its most recognised (and controversial) symbol. While in Newcastle the Vampire Rabbit sits above a door near St Nicholas’ Cathedral. Newcastle United Football Club has the most prestigious record, but Gateshead Stadium has seen many a star compete at its international athletics meets.

The 2012 London Olympic committee selected Newcastle as one of the UK host venue cities,[213][214] with the stadium St James' Park hosting 9 matches in both the men's and women's football.[215]

The small music venue Think Tank? was a nominee for Best Small Venue in NME in 2015.[182] The Cluny in Ouseburn Valley is "one of the most important venues for breaking bands in the region".[183] Trillians Rock Bar is well-noted for its rock and metal shows,[172] and The Head of Steam is a 90-capacity basement venue described as "one of Newcastle's staple venues".[184]