The nearest airport is Norwich International Airport. There is a private airfield 3 miles (4.8 km) south east of the town at Northrepps Aerodrome.
The town is featured as a location in the novels Emma by Jane Austen and North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell.
Cromer is not mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. The place-name 'Cromer' is first found in a will of 1262 and could mean 'Crows' mere or lake'. There are other contenders for the derivation, a north country word 'cromer' meaning 'a gap in the cliffs' or less likely a direct transfer from a Danish placename.
Henry Blogg's bronze bust on the cliff top in North Lodge Park, Cromer
Beaches and cliffs east of Cromer in the summer
Bus and coach services are provided by several companies which link the town to destinations including Norwich, Sheringham, Holt, King's Lynn and Cambridge. The A140 links to Norwich, the A148 (direct) and A149 (coast road) to King's Lynn, and the A149 to the Norfolk Broads and Great Yarmouth. The B1159 is a coastal road out towards Mundesley.
Cromer Academy is the town's only high school. It educates children aged 11 to 16. For sixth-form education, children travel to Sheringham, Paston College in North Walsham, or Norwich. The town also has a junior school educating children from 5 to 11 years of age.
On 5 December 2013 the town was affected by a storm surge which caused significant damage to the town's pier and seafront.
The Church of St Peter and St Paul dates from the 14th century and is in the centre of the town. After falling into disrepair it was rebuilt in the late 19th century by architect, Arthur Blomfield. At 160 ft 4 in (48.87 m) the Bell tower is the highest in the county. Also, of note are the vast stained glass windows which commemorate various members of the lifeboat crew and other features of the resort.
Above the family-friendly beach, you can explore the town's tight streets, the church of St Peter and St Paul with its wonderful stained glass and 160ft tower (the tallest in Norfolk), and the Cromer Museum where you can learn about the town's fishing, trading and seaside history - or just simply enjoy the peaceful mini-parks and gardens. Oh yes, and the little subject of our amazing Deep History Coast, home to mammoths, hyaenas and lions!
Cromer stands between stretches of coastal cliffs which, to the east, are up to 70 metres (230 ft) high. Cromer Pier dominates the sea front and is 151 metres (495 ft) long. It features the Pavilion Theatre and dates from 1901. Cromer Lighthouse stands on the cliffs to the east of the town. The tower is 18 metres (59 ft) tall. and stands 81 metres (266 ft) above sea level. The light has a range of 21 nautical miles (24 mi).
The town has a Friday market and a number of independent retailers in its centre. Cromer Hospital provides services across the North Norfolk area. It includes a minor injuries unit and is run by the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.
Cromer is twinned with Nidda, Germany and Crest, France. The town has an Air Training Corps Squadron and an Army Cadet Force Platoon, based at Cromer High School.
The town is notable as a traditional tourist resort and for the Cromer crab, which forms the major source of income for local fishermen. The motto Gem of the Norfolk Coast is highlighted on the town's road signs.
The Duke of Kent officially named the town's new lifeboat the Lester in a ceremony on 8 September 2008.
Two miles southwest of Cromer is the Jacobean Felbrigg Hall, run by the National Trust. The lovely limestone and brick façade of the main house has the skilfully carved inscription Gloria Deo in Excelsis, and the parklands are a delight to walk through.
Filming took place in the town during November 2014 of the BBC 1 series Partners in Crime
The fishermen also crewed Cromer's two lifeboats. Most famous of the lifeboatmen was Henry Blogg, who received the RNLI gold medal for heroism three times, and the silver medal four times. Cromer Lifeboat Station was founded in 1804, the first in Norfolk. Rowing lifeboats were stationed there through the 19th century.
By the 1880s the town was on the coast and with the advent of railways, it became a fashionable attraction for the Victorians and then Edwardians, who built a string of grand hotels on the seafront and a magnificent pier, which has the last end-of-pier show in Europe and was voted 2015 UK Pier of the Year!
In 2016, Cromer shoal chalk beds thought to be Europe's largest chalk reef has been officially designated as a Marine Conservation Zone.
Cromer is famous for the eponymous and world-famous Cromer Crab – a fresh brown crab which you can find in many establishments throughout the town, in salads, sandwiches, dressed or in their shells. The reason Cromer's crabs are so tender and sweet is that they grow slowly on the chalk reef just off the coast (Yes, really! A reef!).
Two long distance footpaths terminate in the town: the Norfolk Coast Path and the Weavers' Way. The 92 miles (148 km) Norfolk Coast Cycleway runs parallel to the coast and passes through a mixture of quiet roads and country lanes to link the town with Kings Lynn to the west and Great Yarmouth in the east.
Sea angling is popular and mixed catches including cod can be made from the town's beaches. The pier provides the opportunity to capture specimen sized bass. Established in 2007, the North Norfolk Surf Lifesaving Club (North Norfolk SLSC) has its clubhouse on the town's main promenade. Surfing is also carried out on the town's beaches close to the pier. Equipment and lessons can be hired in season.
The South American themed Amazona zoo park opened to the public in 2006 and is to the south of the town. The park covers 10 acres (40,000 m2) of former brick kilns and woodland on the outskirts of the town and includes animals including jaguar and puma.
You can see why Cromer's geology is of international importance here.
For one week in August the town celebrates its Carnival Week. The event's 40th anniversary was held in 2009. Attractions included the carnival queen competition, parade of floats and a fancy dress competition. The highlight of the week was an over-the-sea aerial display by the Red Arrows.
Centuries ago Cromer was actually a long way inland, but if North Norfolk's charm is in the fact it retains an air of being timeless, it's actually an area that's been relentlessly shaped and changed by natural elements.
The town offers a wide choice of restaurants and cafes with not a single coffee shop chain or national eating or drinking venue to be found. Instead you have cafes, bars and restaurants owned and operated by local residents all eager to serve both local residents and visiting guests.
The North Norfolk Railway, known locally as 'The Poppy Line', stretches 5 miles between Sheringham and Holt, with stops at Weybourne Heath and Kelling Halt, which gives access to Kelling Heath, a protected parcel of heathland covered with gorse, heather and bracken – and lots of rambling paths.
The town doesn't have a harbour, so the fishing boats are hauled up on to the shingle by the cobblestoned Gangway. Nearby is the Henry Blogg Museum, named after the town's most distinguished lifeboatman.
Cromer is a coastal town and civil parish on the north coast of the English county of Norfolk. It is 23 miles (37 km) north of the county town of Norwich and 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Sheringham on the North Sea coastline. The local government authority is North Norfolk District Council, whose headquarters is in Holt Road in the town. The civil parish has an area of 4.66 km2 (1.80 sq mi) and at the 2011 census had a population of 7,683.
Cromer Pier as seen from the Henry Blogg Museum
Edward Lear features a limerick about Cromer in his Book of Nonsense.
Cromer Cricket Club are one of the oldest clubs in the county and are based at the Norton Warnes Cricket Ground. The club currently play in the Norfolk Alliance Premier Division. Cabbell Park has been the home of Cromer Town F.C. since 1922. The long established club play in the Premier Division of the Anglian Combination. The town's tennis and squash courts are located at Norwich Road and are open to the public.
Cromer is proud to boast two blue flag beaches to explore on foot and the fabulous pier jutting out into the north sea with its end of pier shows is a great spot to try crabbing for yourself! The award winning North Norfolk coast path passes through the area and means great scenic walks are easily accessible. The town has a range of artistic, cultural and educational activities on offer and up to date listings of what's on in the town and local area can be found here.