Legal 500 UK 2013 describe Ruth as “very lucid” and she “quickly gets to the nub of the issue.”

Alessi DR, Saito Y, Campbell DG, Cohen P, Sithanandam G, Rapp U, Ashworth A, Marshall CJ and Cowley S.   Identification of the sites in MAP kinase kinase-1 phosphorylated by p74raf-1.  EMBO J. 1994 13 1610-1619.

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Bennett BD*, Cowley S*, Jiang S, London R, Deng B, Grabarek J, Groopman JE, Goeddel DV, Avraham H.  *joint first authors. Identification and characterization of a novel tyrosine kinase from megakaryocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 1994 269 1068-1074.

Zhou L, Sokolskaja E, Jolly C, James W, Cowley SA and Fassati A. Transportin 3 Promotes a Nuclear Maturation Step Required for Efficient HIV-1 Integration. PLoS Pathogens 2011 7(8):e1002194+.

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She chose to break from lab-work whilst raising young children, though continued undergraduate teaching at the University of Oxford and the Open University. She subsequently obtained a Wellcome Trust Career Re-entry fellowship and joined the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology in 2007.

Cowley Road has high levels of both road traffic and pedestrian traffic, and space for both is limited. In 2005, Oxfordshire County Council invested about £1,000,000 from central government to re-model the busiest part of Cowley Road. The carriageway has been realigned and colourfully resurfaced, the pavements have been repaved, cycle lanes have been enhanced in some places and removed from others and in one section the speed limit has been reduced to 20 miles per hour (32 km/h).

In later years Morris Motors and Pressed Steel became one company. Subsequently the Morris's site was closed down, demolished, and redeveloped as the Oxford Business Park.

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Lufino M M P, Popplestone, AR, Cowley SA, Edser PAH, James WS and Wade-Martins R. Episomal transgene expression in pluripotent stem cells. Methods in Molecular Biology 2011 767(27): 369-387. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.

Cowley Road is also the main shopping street of east Oxford, and in the evenings it is the area's main leisure district.

Schools serving Cowley include St Gregory the Great Catholic School.

Mache A, Mengistu Y and Cowley S. Shigella serogroups identified from adult diarrhoeal out-patients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: antibiotic resistance and plasmid profile analysis. East African Medical Journal 1997 74 179-182.

Cowley SA, Butter C, Verghese S, Curtis J, Turk JL. Nerve damage induced by mycobacterial granulomas in guinea pig sciatic nerves. International Journal of Leprosy and other Mycobacterial diseases 1988 56 283-290.

Cowley Manor is a 30 bedroom contemporary country house hotel and spa located in the glorious Cotswold countryside surrounded by 55 acres of parkland, woods and meadows. The gardens feature natural springs, lakes and Victorian cascades.With emphasis on comfort, service and very few rules, Cowley Manor is the ideal place to relax, unwind and indulge in the heart of the British countryside.

Cowley SA, Groopman JE, Avraham H.  Effects of transforming growth factor beta on megakaryocytic cell fusion and endomitosis.  International Journal of Cell Cloning 1992 10 223-231.

At Cowley Children's Centre you will find a child friendly environment. We offer a range of high quality, supportive services for all local children under five years old and their families. You will find all the services your family needs in one place from breastfeeding advice to supporting that first step into school through playgroup and transition opportunities. Activities are free or affordable.

Despite successive company mergers and name changes, "Morris's" is still often used as the name of the car factory to this day. In 1952, Morris Motors became part of the British Motor Corporation (BMC), in 1968 BMC became British Leyland, in the 1980s the group was known as Austin Rover, in the 1990s it was Rover Group and since 2001 the factory has been owned by BMW. But the name "Morris's" is ingrained in local culture and speech habits, particularly amongst older inhabitants.

In 1866 the Society of St. John the Evangelist, a Church of England religious order, was founded near Cowley Road in the parish of Cowley. SSJE was the first long-lasting Anglican religious order for men since the Reformation. The members were frequently known as the "Cowley Fathers".

Pereira JH, Cowley SA, Gschmeissner SE, Bowden REM, Turk JL.  Denatured muscle grafts for nerve repair: an experimental model of nerve damage in leprosy.  Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 1990 72 874-80.

In World War II the Morris factory produced many de Havilland Tiger Moth training aeroplanes for the war effort and there was also the No 1 Metal and Produce Recovery Depot run by the Civilian Repair Organisation to handle crashed or damaged aircraft and even the wreckage of enemy aircraft was processed here. Paul Nash was inspired to paint Totes Meer based on sketches he made of the recovery depot.

Cowley S, Paterson H, Kemp P and Marshall CJ.  Activation of MAP kinase kinase is necessary and sufficient for PC12 differentiation and for transformation of NIH 3T3 cells.   Cell 1994 77 841-852.

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Dodsworth, B. T., Flynn, R., and Cowley, S. A. (2015). The current state of naïve human pluripotency. Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio), 33(11):3181-3186.


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Cowley, S. A., Karlsson, K. R., van Wilgenburg, B., Carter, G., Browne, C., Vowles, J., Martinez Estrada, F., Pelchen-Matthews, A., Miller, J., Moore, M. D., and James, W. (2012). Macrophages from human Pluripotent Stem Cells. Chapter 3 in Handbook of Macrophages: Life Cycle, Functions and Diseases, pages 83-120. Nova Science Publishers, NY.  ISBN: 978-1-62081-162-7

Recent experience includes investigations (internal and external) into regulatory and corruption issues, advice on corruption and fraud issues, compliance advice, international shareholder and joint venture disputes, complex contractual disputes, and cross border litigation. Ruth is a core member of our Global Business Ethics and Anti-Corruption Group.

Ruth Cowley is a dispute resolution and litigation lawyer based in London. She is qualified in England and Wales as a Solicitor-Advocate (English Courts) holding Higher Rights (All Proceedings), and is also qualified in Hong Kong. She is experienced in commercial litigation and ADR, international arbitration and regulation and investigation. Most of Ruth’s cases have international elements.

Mandegar MA, MoralliD, KhojaS, Cowley S,  ChanDY, YusufM, MukherjeeS, Blundell MP, VolpiEV, ThrasherAJ, JamesW and Monaco ZL. Functional human artificial chromosomes are generated and stably maintained in human embryonic stem cells. Human Molecular Genetics 2011 20(15):2905-2913

O’Reilly D, Dienstbier M, Cowley SA, Vazquez P, Drozdz M, Taylor S, James WS, and Murphy S. Differentially expressed, variant u1 snRNAs regulate gene expression in human cells. Genome research 2013, 23(2):281-291.

Raposo RASA, Trudgian DC, Thomas B, van Wilgenburg B, Cowley SA and James W. Protein Kinase C and NF-κB-dependent CD4 downregulation in macrophages induced by t cell-derived soluble factors: consequences for HIV-1 infection. Journal of immunology 2011 187(2):748-759.

Brook FA, Cowley SA, Evans EP, Turner K, James WS and Mardon HJ. Derivation and characterization of the human embryonic stem cell line, OxF1. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology – Animal  2010 46(3-4):173-177

Cowley has a strong sporting tradition. Between the two World Wars, Oxford Stadium was built to host the then new sport of greyhound racing.[6] In 1939 the equally new sport of motorcycle speedway moved to Oxford Stadium. After a few years Oxford's speedway team were named Oxford Cheetahs,[7] a name they still bear today. In 2001, Oxford United FC moved from its former ground in Headington to the new Kassam Stadium at Minchery Farm, which is just outside Cowley.

Vazquez-Arango, P., Vowles, J., Browne, C., Hartfield, E., Fernandes, H. J., Mandefro, B., Sareen, D., James, W., Wade-Martins, R., Cowley, S. A., Murphy, S., and O’Reilly, D. (2016). Variant u1 snRNAs are implicated in human pluripotent stem cell maintenance and neuromuscular disease. Nucleic acids research. [Epub ahead of print]

Cowley (/ˈkaʊlɪ/) in Oxford, England, is a residential and industrial area that forms a small conurbation within greater Oxford. Cowley's neighbours are central Oxford to the northwest, Rose Hill and Blackbird Leys to the south, New Headington to the north and the villages of Horspath and Garsington across fields to the east.

Cowley SA, Gschmeissner SE, Negesse Y, Curtis J, Turk JL. Major Histocompatibility Complex Class II antigen expression in nerves in leprosy. An immuno-electron microscopical study.  International Journal of Leprosy and other Mycobacterial diseases 1990 58 560-565.

The Cowley Road area has played a prominent part in the Oxford music scene. A number of successful bands made their formative performances in local venues such as the O2 Academy Oxford (formerly known as The Zodiac), and The Art Bar (formerly the Bullingdon Arms). Famous Oxford bands have included Supergrass, Radiohead and Ride.

Xu X, Cowley S, Flaim CJ, James W, Seymour LW and Cui Z. The role of apoptotic pathways in the low recovery rate after cryopreservation of dissociated human embryonic stem cells. Biotechnology progress 2010 26(3):827-837

Fernandes, H. J., Hartfield, E. M., Christian, H. C., Emmanoulidou, E., Zheng, Y., Booth, H., Bogetofte, H., Lang, C., Ryan, B. J., Sardi, S. P., Badger, J., Vowles, J., Evetts, S., Tofaris, G. K., Vekrellis, K., Talbot, K., Hu, M. T., James, W., Cowley, S. A., and Wade-Martins, R. (2016). ER stress and autophagic perturbations lead to elevated extracellular α-Synuclein in GBA-N370S parkinson’s iPSC-derived dopamine neurons. Stem cell reports, 6(3):342-356.