The West Midlands conurbation had a population of 2,441,00 (2011 est.,), and 2,762,700 people live in the West Midlands (county) (2012 est.,).

The Birmingham Corporation Water Department was set up in 1876 to supply water to Birmingham, up until 1974 when its responsibilities were transferred to Severn Trent Water. Most of Birminghams water is supplied by the Elan aqueduct,[265] opened in 1904; water is fed by gravity to Frankley Reservoir, Frankley, and Bartley Reservoir, Bartley Green, from reservoirs in the Elan Valley, Wales.[266]

The demand for capital to feed rapid economic expansion also saw Birmingham grow into a major financial centre with extensive international connections.[57] Lloyds Bank was founded in the town in 1765,[58] and Ketley's Building Society, the world's first building society, in 1775.[59] By 1800 the West Midlands had more banking offices per head than any other region in Britain, including London.[57]

To book an advert with the Birmingham Mail team call 0121 234 5000, email charlotte.wallbank@trinitymirror.com or visit the Trinity Mirror Midlands website for more information.

Two major championship golf courses lie on the city's outskirts. The Belfry near Sutton Coldfield is the headquarters of the Professional Golfers' Association[282] and has hosted the Ryder Cup more times than any other venue.[283] The Forest of Arden Hotel and Country Club near Birmingham Airport is also a regular host of tournaments on the PGA European Tour, including the British Masters and the English Open.[284]

Much of the area now occupied by the city was originally a northern reach of the ancient Forest of Arden, whose former presence can still be felt in the city's dense oak tree-cover and in the large number of districts such as Moseley, Saltley, Yardley, Stirchley and Hockley with names ending in "-ley": the Old English -lēah meaning "woodland clearing".[98]

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Chaos in Pershore Road as wooly wanderer dashes across busy road

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Gary Rowett says that Ryan Shotton's impressive performances for Blues are welcome but unsurprising considering the ability the 27-year-old defender has

16 October - One of the rising stars in the Great Run Series, the Great Birmingham Run has quickly grown its road running reputation and is now the second biggest half marathon in the UK.

Since 2012 the Digbeth-based B-Town indie music scene has attracted widespread attention, led by bands such as Peace and Swim Deep, with the NME comparing Digbeth to London's Shoreditch, and The Independent writing that "Birmingham is fast becoming the best place in the UK to look to for the most exciting new music".[164]

Birmingham Museums Trust runs other museums in the city including Aston Hall, Blakesley Hall, the Museum of the Jewellery Quarter, Soho House and Sarehole Mill. The Birmingham Back to Backs are the last surviving court of back-to-back houses in the city.[193] Cadbury World is a museum showing visitors the stages and steps of chocolate production and the history of chocolate and the company. The Ikon Gallery hosts displays of contemporary art, as does Eastside Projects.

The Wing Yip food empire first began in the city and now has its headquarters in Nechells.[295] The Balti, a type of curry, was invented in the city, which has received much acclaim for the 'Balti Belt' or 'Balti Triangle'.[296] Famous food brands that originated in Birmingham include Typhoo tea, Bird's Custard, Cadbury's chocolate and HP Sauce.

Birmingham is a snowy city relative to other large UK conurbations, due to its inland location and comparatively high elevation.[110] Between 1961 and 1990 Birmingham Airport averaged 13.0 days of snow lying annually,[111] compared to 5.33 at London Heathrow.[112] Snow showers often pass through the city via the Cheshire gap on north westerly airstreams, but can also come off the North Sea from north easterly airstreams.[110]

Birmingham's ten parliamentary constituencies are represented in the House of Commons as of 2015[update] by one Conservative and nine Labour MPs.[94] In the European Parliament the city forms part of the West Midlands European Parliament constituency, which elects six Members of the European Parliament.[95]

45.5% of people said they were in very good health which was below the national average. Another 33.9% said they were in good health, which was also below the national average. 9.1% of people said their day-to-day activities were limited a lot by their health which was higher than the national average.[129]

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Diabetes may be due to the failure of a privileged few cells, rather than the behaviour of all cells.

The National Express Group headquarters are located in Digbeth, in offices above Birmingham Coach Station, which forms the national hub of the company's coach network.

The internationally renowned[citation needed] City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra's home venue is Symphony Hall. Other notable professional orchestras based in the city include the Birmingham Contemporary Music Group, the Royal Ballet Sinfonia and Ex Cathedra, a Baroque chamber choir and period instrument orchestra. The Orchestra of the Swan is the resident chamber orchestra at Birmingham Town Hall,[157] where weekly recitals have also been given by the City Organist since 1834.[158]

Birmingham based breweries included Ansells, Davenport's and Mitchells & Butlers.[293] Aston Manor Brewery is currently the only brewery of any significant size. Many fine Victorian pubs and bars can still be found across the city, whilst there is also a plethora of more modern nightclubs and bars, notably along Broad Street.[294]

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Cherished memorials placed on graves by grieving families at a Solihull cemetery have been found in recycling bins where they have apparently been dumped by the council.

Blues' match-winner Lukas Jutkiewicz spoke to the BluesTV cameras after his stoppage-time winner.

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People from Birmingham are called Brummies, a term derived from the city's nickname of Brum. This originates from the city's dialect name, Brummagem,[18] which may in turn have been derived from one of the city's earlier names, Bromwicham.[19] There is a distinctive Brummie accent and dialect.

Alex Dicken went on a spying mission to the Banks's to check out the Irish defender

From the world-famous, 21st Century Bullring to the Victorian elegance of the Great Western Arcade.

Drivers bringing their cars into Birmingham and the Black Country could face a £12.50-a-day pollution charge under proposals to encourage us all to buy “greener” vehicles.

A vibrant museum in the heart of the city with over 40 galleries.

Birmingham

There are three executive lounges to choose from, offering a range of business facilities, food and drink

The city is served by numerous national and regional radio stations, as well as local radio stations. These include Free Radio Birmingham & Free Radio 80s, Capital Birmingham, Heart West Midlands, Absolute Radio, and Smooth Radio. The city also has a community radio scene, with stations including Big City Radio, New Style Radio, Switch Radio, Raaj FM, and Unity FM.

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The Department of Health has awarded Birmingham £12m to help advance research into inflammatory diseases

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Birmingham's sporting heritage can be felt worldwide, with the concept of the Football League and lawn tennis both originating from the city. Its most successful football club Aston Villa has won seven league titles and one European Cup with the other professional club being Birmingham City.

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