IRA men appear on the edges of the action in both films. Angry civil rights marchers hustle away individual gunmen who appear after the Paras start shooting. IRA leaders sit around in cars and have a field day recruiting young Bogside lads. The suggestion, from an anonymous source to Lord Saville, that McGuinness himself may have fired the first shot is never mentioned.

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ULSTER must have its inflammatory anniversaries, it seems, and film-makers such as Jimmy McGovern and Paul Greengrass are determined that we should all share in them.

The Bernadette Devlin character closes the Greengrass film saying: "We will not rest until justice has been done." But where is justice to be found after 30 years?

Against the backdrop of the Irish War of Independence, two brothers fight a guerrilla war against British forces.

These films will please republicans and outrage many in Britain. But are they therefore untrue? I was present as a reporter in Londonderry on Bloody Sunday, from the start of the illegal civil rights march to the shootings at the Rossville Street plaza.

Scores of witnesses have described the shootings as these two films portray them. They may or may not be telling the truth, but the key facts of Bloody Sunday are not going to go away. Soldiers, taking no casualties themselves, shot 26 civilians, killing half of them. No guns were found.

Time has offered the Troubles perspective, investigation and pop-culture outlets (U2′s "Sunday Bloody Sunday"). But Paul Greengrass's film spoke to how reason meant absolutely nothing when rage reigned on either side of the line.

He said Unionists felt remote and divorced from the events of Bloody Sunday. "They feel resentment that murders before, during and after that day are treated with much less consideration, very little concern for deaths that occurred to hundreds of other families. Yet the incident on that day seems to be elevated to a position where it's going to take £100 million or maybe more to have an inquiry."

Bloody Sunday appeared a week before Jimmy McGovern's TV film on the same subject, entitled Sunday (shown by Channel 4). McGovern subsequently criticised Greengrass's film for concentrating on the leadership of the march, and not the perspective of those who joined it.[4]

Nesbitt, a local Protestant who also appears in the ITV series Cold Feet, reportedly embraced Martin McGuinness, the Sinn Fein MP, at the film's launch on Sunday. The actor's parents denied that was true.

McGovern's film has the Prime Minister leaning heavily on a compliant Lord Chief Justice with warnings about the need to fight a propaganda war. This, of course, is guesswork. In the end, Lord Widgery believed the paratroopers but could find nothing more than "very strong suspicions" that some of the dead had been handling bombs or guns.

An Army claim to have found four nail bombs in the pockets of one of the dead, after soldiers found him in a car on his way to hospital, has always been open to doubt.

In fact, McGovern seems to give two different versions of the Army shootings. One, bloody enough, is more consistent with what the soldiers told Widgery; the other far more sinister and horrifying - apparently based on accounts since attributed to a soldier who took part.

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They stalk through concrete alleyways, firing at anyone who moves. They fire from the hip into a fleeing crowd that includes women and a priest and they murder a man waving a white handkerchief. They can't wait to kill, psyching each other up, using private stocks of ammunition and getting their stories straight later.

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These films will jolt you. Soldiers slaughter innocent people, shoot a man with his hands up and finish off wounded men on the ground. They shoot a nurse in uniform, calling to her: "Your white coat makes a good target."

Lord Saville's new inquiry, set up as part of the "peace process" in 1998, has spent £50 million without yet putting any of the main players, military, political or IRA, in the witness box.

"Let's talk about all the victims and all the hurt of the families. We can all contribute to this in a sensible way."

The commander of Northern Ireland Land Forces, Maj-Gen Robert Ford, cheered on the Paras as they went in and, after they withdrew, told the press that he thought only three people had been killed.

Perhaps it is their job to shock, but if justice is to be based on proof rather than "dramatisations", the most shocking fact to face is that justice, for the Paras or against them, may never be seen to be done.

Edward Daly, the former Roman Catholic Bishop of Derry, who was a young priest on Bloody Sunday, said "This film underlines that dialogue is always preferable to armed conflict."

If neither the MoD nor the IRA see advantage in a full and honest presentation, the tribunal will fail. Neither side has so far shown itself disposed to unstinting co-operation and the Provos who ran "Free Derry" remain in the shadows.

Bloody Sunday (2002)

Watching director Paul Greengrass's explosive Bloody Sunday, you have to remind yourself at moments that you're not looking at a documentary.

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Meanwhile that same year, off-screen, Olympic officials are preparing for the Munich games, and in 2002 the Middle East and Northern Ireland "peace processes" are still staggering bloodily on. If you haven't caught it on TV, or even if you have, Greengrass's film demands to be seen.

Michael McKinney, of the Bloody Sunday Trust, whose brother William was one of the victims, said he hoped Britons would watch in their millions when the film was broadcast on ITV on Jan 20.

It is not clear who fires first in the Greengrass film. The soldiers seem to think they have been shot at and the next thing we see is two civilians lying on the ground. McGovern's "dramatised reconstruction" has over-excited Paras firing from rooftops at the crowd.

After seeing the Granada film, Mr McGuinness said: "The fact that English people are prepared to tackle a subject of such great embarrassment to the British Government is to their eternal credit and I think helps the peace process."

The launches of two films this week about Bloody Sunday have rekindled bitter memories of 1972, the bloodiest year of the Troubles, when 496 people were killed.

Blood money? Maybe. I prefer the American plea of nolo contendere, which effectively means "I don't admit wrongdoing but I promise not to do it again". Perhaps something like that is the best resolution anyone can hope for. Keeping 30-year-old wounds gaping serves no one but the IRA who, as the Greengrass film correctly notes, had their biggest victory that day.

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As atuações viscerais e a direção pseudo-documental recriam com contudência um dos episódios mais revoltantes da história da luta irlandesa contra a dominação britânica.

The film was critically acclaimed.[2] It won the Audience Award at Sundance and the Golden Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival (tied with Spirited Away), in addition to the Hitchcock d'Or best film prize at the Dinard Festival of British Cinema.[3]

"That was a very violent time," he said. "I find it absurd that anybody should think of guilt in the Protestant community. What on earth would we want to feel guilty about?"

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Both films show the Paras seeking vengeance for soldiers killed by the IRA, regardless of what their officers may have intended. Greengrass depicts the 1 Para CO, Lt Col Derek Wilford, as eager to show what his men can do, while talking all the time about "scooping up" rioters and ordering them to fire only if fired upon.