Jaiqi Liu was left shocked and suffered pain to his back, legs and head after the incident in December 2016. 

Chris Grayling is a Conservative MP, and on the vast majority of issues votes the same way as other Conservative MPs.

From only narrowly avoiding a vote of no-confidence over rail timetable chaos to facing accusations that he was trying to impose a “wage cap” on train staff, he’s faced a lot of criticism. 

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But it’s not the first time the cabinet minister’s position has looked far from “strong and stable”. 

In September 2012, he was appointed to the UK Cabinet as the Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice from 2012 to 2015. He was the first non-lawyer to have served as Lord Chancellor for at least 440 years. He was the Leader of the House of Commons and the Lord President of the Council between 2015 and 2016.

Grayling came under criticism as Shadow Home Secretary over the Conservative Party's use of statistics on violent crime.[14] In February 2010, the Conservative Party issued press releases to every constituency in the UK claiming that crime had "risen sharply" in the UK. They failed, however, to take into account the more rigorous system for recording crime. The chairman of the UK Statistics Authority, Sir Michael Scholar, said that the figures Grayling was using were "likely to mislead the public" and "likely to damage public trust in official statistics" as the way in which crime was calculated had been changed in 2002.[15]

Grayling joined BBC News in 1985 as a trainee, becoming a producer in 1986. He left the BBC in 1988 to join Channel 4 as an editor on its Business Daily television programme. He rejoined the BBC in 1991 as a business development manager on BBC Select. On leaving the BBC again in 1993, he ran several television production companies, including managing the corporate communications division of Workhouse Ltd from 1992–95 and SSVC Group in Gerrards Cross from 1995–97.

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On 28 May 2010, Grayling was sworn of the Privy Council in the 2010 Dissolution of Parliament Honours List.[30][31] Grayling served as Minister of State, Department for Work and Pensions, from 2010[32] until 2012, before being promoted to the Cabinet, on 4 September 2012, as Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice. As minister at DWP he was responsible for jobcentres. Measures were introduced to reduce costs, leaving 100,000 staff redundant in offices around the country. In the context of a "Broken Society" he accused some families of being habitually unemployed, generation after generation, living in sink council estates in the inner cities. Government cuts were made to the DWP budgets in order to constrain welfare spending.[citation needed]

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Less than six months into his tenure as Transport Secretary, Grayling knocked an unsuspecting cyclist off his bike as he opened the door of his ministerial car outside the Palace of Westminster.

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The policy later informed treatment of prisoners, refusing the right to vote, and clamping down on abusive behaviours in jails. He announced work programs for prisoners, encouraged an end to the "something for nothing culture". More people than ever were found fit to work as part of a package of measures in a £5 billion program to make work for the long-term unemployed.[33]

mySociety Limited is a project of UK Citizens Online Democracy, a registered charity in England and Wales. For full details visit mysociety.org.

Among one of his most controversial policies during his reign as Lord Chancellor and Justice Secretary from 2012 to 2016, was charges he introduced requiring defendants who pleaded guilty at magistrates’ courts to pay £150 and those convicted at crown court to hand over £1,200.

When the recording was released by The Observer, on 3 April 2010,[18] Grayling's comments caused an angry response from gay rights campaigners,[19] with Ben Summerskill, Chief Executive of the gay rights group Stonewall, saying that this position would be "illegal" and "very alarming to a lot of gay people who may have been thinking of voting Conservative".[19] Lord Mandelson, the most senior gay minister in the (then Labour) Government, added that the comment showed that the Conservative Party had not changed, that "when the camera is on they say one thing, but when the camera is off they say another".[20] Conservative Party leader David Cameron was subsequently urged to "back or sack" Grayling,[21] with gay rights campaigner Peter Tatchell saying that "Cameron's silence is worrying. Many voters – gay and straight – will be disturbed by his failure to swiftly disown Grayling's support for homophobic discrimination. What does this say about the sincerity and seriousness of his commitment to gay equality?"[22]

From 2007 he became the Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, and in 2009 he was appointed Shadow Home Secretary. Following the 2010 general election and the formation of the Coalition Government, Grayling was made the Minister of State for Employment.

In 2014, then-justice-secretary Grayling was accused of banning books for inmates after new prison policies stopped people from sending them to their loved ones behind bars. 

More than 100 magistrates resigned over the charges and the chairman of the Bar Council warned that innocent people were being incentivised to plead guilty. Michael Gove scrapped the charges after he replaced Mr Grayling in the post saying the “intent has fallen short”.

In a Radio 4 Today interview in January 2019 he supported a decision, in preparation for a Brexit no-deal, to award a £13.8 million ferry contract to Seaborne Freight, a company which had never run a ferry service and owned no ships. The BBC reported that the government had shortened the normal tendering process due to "a situation of extreme urgency" and only received a single bid. The Road Haulage Association described the firm as having an impossible timescale in which to "source ferries, hire and train staff and link with relevant authorities".[81] Despite Grayling's assurance that the usual procurement due diligence procedures had been followed, it was later revealed that Seaborne Freight issued terms and conditions designed for a food delivery business not ferries,[82][83] and that its chief executive previously ran a ship chartering business that was forced into liquidation following court petitions from HM Revenue and Customs. The amount of unpaid tax was not stated, but the former company had a total of £1.78 million in unpaid debts.[84] Grayling's allegedly unannounced efforts to move freight to Ostend were not appreciated in Calais whose port chairman told him he was told he was no longer welcome.[85]

The Wire used to be just a work of fiction for British viewers. But under this government, in many parts of British cities, The Wire has become a part of real life in this country too,” he said in a speech attacking the then-Labour government in 2009.

Grayling served on the Environment, Transport and the Regions Select Committee from 2001 until he was promoted to the Opposition Whips' Office by Iain Duncan Smith in 2002, moving to become a Spokesman for Health later in the year. He became a Spokesman for Education and Skills by Michael Howard in 2003.

Grayling added: “It’s tough for a politician to say to the professionals in an industry who have given you an assurance that something is ready to tell them they’re wrong.”  

Footage obtained by the Guardian showed the minister bending over and putting his hand on Mr Liu’s shoulder and speaking to him as he sat on the pavement where he landed. The pair then shook hands.

Christopher Stephen Grayling (born 1 April 1962) is a British Conservative Party politician and author serving as the Secretary of State for Transport since July 2016, and as a member of the House of Commons since 2001. He previously worked in the television industry.

Chris Grayling campaigned to leave the European Union Source: BBC

A prison "benchmarking" programme was introduced in 2012 by Grayling to reduce the costs of public sector prisons to match comparable private sector prisons, along with associated new core standards intended to result in prisoners having similar amounts of time spent outside their cells across similar prisons.[49] Prison officer numbers were reduced from about 23,000 in 2012 to about 18,000 in 2015.[50]

Grayling denied the charge, saying inmates could still use prison libraries or buy books with money they made from prison jobs. 

Sworn in as Lord Chancellor on 1 October 2012 at Westminster Abbey,[34] he was elected an Honorary Bencher of Gray's Inn on 11 December 2012, due in part to his lack of legal qualifications. He was the first non-lawyer to have served as Lord Chancellor for at least 440 years. (It was reported that the last such non-lawyer was the Earl of Shaftesbury in 1672–73;[35] but the Earl was admitted to Lincoln's Inn in 1638.[36]) Grayling's appointment was widely seen as a return to a more hard line approach than that of his predecessor, Clarke.[37][38] Grayling pursued a "tough justice" agenda, including ending automatic early release for terrorists and child rapists,[39] ending simple cautions for serious offences,[40] and introducing greater protections for householders who defend themselves against intruders.[41] The leading human rights barrister Lord Pannick described Grayling's performance as "notable only for his attempts to restrict judicial reviews and human rights, his failure to protect the judiciary against criticism from his colleagues and the reduction of legal aid to a bare minimum."[42]

Less than six months into his tenure as Transport Secretary, Grayling knocked an unsuspecting cyclist off his bike as he opened the door of his ministerial car outside the Palace of Westminster.

Funniest Chris Grayling

Politicians and local police in the Moss Side district of Manchester, which he compared to the Maryland city, we less than pleased and the MP was accused of trying to make himself “sound cool” after he argued that the UK was fighting the same “urban war” as the US when it came to gang culture and street violence. 

Entered the House of Commons on 7 June 2001 — General election

Anastasia Beaumont-Bott, founder of LGBTory, a gay rights group which campaigns for the Conservatives, announced that she would be voting for Labour, not the Conservatives, in response to Grayling's comments. She said, "I feel guilty because as a gay woman affected by LGBT rights I am on record saying you should vote Conservative, and I want to reverse that. I want to go on record to say don't vote Conservative. I'd go as far to say that I'll vote Labour at this general election."[23] Beaumont-Bott was joined in defecting from the Conservatives to Labour a week later by gay rights campaigner David Heathcote.[24] Grayling's comments were defended by a number of commentators, including the Today Programme presenter and gay broadcaster Evan Davis and leading Christian groups.[25]

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In December 2013, Alan Turing was granted a pardon by the Queen, after a process initiated by Grayling in his capacity as Lord Chancellor.[61][62][63] In April 2015, Grayling introduced mandatory flat-fee court charges for magistrates courts, the lowest fee being £150 for a guilty plea. Lawyers feared that defendants may plead guilty to avoid falling into debt, and the president of the Law Society described the change as a threat to fair trials. The charges for crown court were increased to £1,200.[64]

After the 2015 general election, Grayling was appointed Leader of the House of Commons and Lord President of the Council. Michael Gove, who replaced Grayling as Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor,[70] was reportedly unimpressed with Grayling's "innovations".[71]

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High-profile authors including Philip Pullman and Mark Haddon rallied against the decision, with Pullman calling it “one of the most disgusting, mean, vindictive acts of a barbaric government”.