The TSV 1860 München II, or, previous to that, the TSV 1860 München Amateure, have been historically quite successful, on Bavarian level. The team has played in the Regionalliga Süd from 2004 to 2012, missing out on 3. Liga qualification in the 2007–08 season and again in 2013 when it won the newly formed Regionalliga Bayern but lost to SV Elversberg in the promotion round.

Undeterred by the disappointment of Wembley, Die Löwen roared back into life in the Bundesliga for the 1965-66 season, in which they were now joined by arch-rivals Bayern. In fact, the opening day of games saw the Munich rivals face off in a hotly anticipated local derby, in which 1860 won 1-0. Although it was only the first game of the season, and Bayern’s very first in the Bundesliga, the result was incredibly significant.

While Bayern collected three titles in a row in the early 1970s, their neighbours languished in the second tier. Unfortunately for the blue side of the city, sporting subservience was just the tip of the iceberg. After occasional glimmers of hope in the form of two brief stays in the Bundesliga, it was the numbers off the pitch that carried the greatest consequences.

Despite their name, 1860 München were originally formed in 1848 and, as is the case with the majority of German clubs, they started life as a gymnastics club – Münchener Turnverein. However, as the club was founded in the middle of the 1848 revolutions, the existence was not recognised and the club was banned by the Bavarian monarchy in 1849 due to it being an “institute of moral contamination” (according to the club’s homepage).

The club had their first taste of success in these troubled times, winning the Gauliga Bayern in 1941 and 1943, and the Tschammerpokal – now known as the German Cup – in 1942, defeating FC Schalke, who were among the top teams in the country at that time.

1860 Munich’s academy has produced some of the Bundesliga’s best players in recent seasons. This is because half of the Munich area is theirs, and with all of the young footballers in the area, 1860 Munich have been able to turn some of that talent into top-flight players.

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After a tense goalless draw in Kiel, a 91st-minute goal in front of around 57,000 fans in Munich gave 1860 a 2-1 victory and kept them in the second division. To the city’s blue and white half, it would have felt just as important as anything their local rivals have achieved in recent years. The club may boast a famous name and an impressive, passionate fanbase but this was not the first time they had peered into the abyss of the German footballing landscape.

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The club is the only one in Bavaria to have won the Bayernliga with its first and second team.

The third German League season brought the greatest achievement of the club's long history when TSV 1860 Munich claimed the championship in 1966. Even today 1860's supporters reminisce about that year's legendary team with players as Petar Radenkovic, Timo Konietzka and Rudolf Brunnenmeier. After barely missing out on defending the title in the next season, however, a long period of drought set in for the club.

These players are doing great things, while 1860’s most recent academy star is Dortmund’s Julian Weigl, a German youth international, and a regular in the BvB’s first team at the age of 20. He’s one of the best young players in the Bundesliga, and is set for big things in the future. Not many German clubs can say that they’ve produced international stars, club captains and Bundesliga champions, but 1860 Munich can.

Since 1926 the Lions played in the newly built Grünwalder Stadion. In 1942 the TSV won its first supraregional title by claiming the German Football Association Cup. In 1964 the club managed to repeat this success and in 1965 even reached the European Cup final against West Ham United, where it lost 0-2. Unlike FC Bayern, the TSV 1860 Munich was a founder member of the German Football League in 1963.

Still under Wildmoser, the TSV 1860 shared in the building of the new Munich football stadium. The traditionally-minded fans found it difficult to adapt when 1860 had to move into the Allianz Arena in Fröttmaning together with the eternal city's rivals, FC Bayern Munich. The Grünwalder Stadion since then has been used as the home of the regional league team and the women's football team of Bayern Munich.

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Additionally, Lars Bender and Johnson played in the Champions League this season, and Sven Bender has played in a Champions League final.  Baumgartlinger is the captain at Mainz captain. He’s set to feature for Austria in the 2016 European Championships, and Volland is likely going to be in the Germany team as well.  Fabian Johnson featured for the USMNT during the 2014 World Cup and is expected to be a leader for the US squad in this summer’s Copa America Centenario.

By Jason Humphreys for Englische Woche, part of the Guardian Sport Network

The end of the second world war and the fall of the Nazi regime led to the disbandment of the Gauliga system and the introduction of the Oberliga. In this new system, Germany was split into six regions – south, south-west, Berlin, north, west, and East Germany. 1860 Munich, along with Bayern Munich, competed in the southern competition, the Oberliga Süd.

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For recent transfers, see Transfers summer 2016 and Transfers winter 2015–16.

Every world football fan can tell you about that club in Munich, Bayern Munich that is, the Bundesliga and European giant whose domestic success is almost unparalleled, Germany’s rekordmeisters and a constant threat for Champions League honors..

The second eleven struggled during the club's years outside professional football, but rose through the ranks again after the club's revival in the early 1990s and returned to the Bayernliga in 1996, winning the title in its first season there and promotion to the Regionalliga. The team belonged to the Regionalliga until 2001 and then again from 2004 onwards.

The club reformed two years later, added a choir club to its ranks in 1856 and was officially reformed in 1860 after merging with other local associations. The name 1860 came into being in 1898 and the first football arm of the club was founded in 1899, with the first match taking place in 1902 – over 50 years after the initial establishment. The lion, the club’s now totemic symbol, was added to the crest in 1911.

Next up is Bayer Leverkusen. They are a top four club in the Bundesliga as well, with multiple Champions League appearances in recent seasons. They have fielded some great young talents in recent seasons, but like Dortmund, these players weren’t always products of their academies. The main players that Leverkusen have produced in recent seasons include Gonzalo Castro, Christoph Kramer, Kevin Kampl and Rene Adler. They’ve also produced Stefan Reinartz and Pierre-Michel Lasogga.

The 2014–15 season saw the club finish sixteenth in the 2. Bundesliga. It was forced to participate in the relegation play-offs against Holstein Kiel where it retained its league place with a 2–1 home win after a 0–0 draw in the first leg. 1860 survived courtesy to an injury time goal by defender Kai Bülow in front of 57,000 spectators in Munich.[3]

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The traditional football club TSV 1860 Munich looks back at a changeful history marked by championships, relegations and scandals. Nicknamed “Lions” after their heraldic animal it is passionately loved by its fans even through troubled times. “Einmal Löwe, Immer Löwe!” (“Once a lion, always a lion!”) is the supporters' motto.

TSV hired several new managers during its 2. Bundesliga period. The first was Rudi Bommer, followed by Reiner Maurer, Walter Schachner, Marco Kurz and Uwe Wolf. Also, former German national squad player Stefan Reuter as a general manager. However, neither of the new managers could lead the squad back to the 1. Bundesliga. Ewald Lienen coached the team from 13 May 2009 to the end of the 2009–10 season. Reiner Maurer has been coaching 1860 since the start of the 2010–11 season.

Having finished third from bottom in the second division – with their goal difference enough to keep them out of the bottom two and automatic relegation – they were sent into the dreaded play-off against the third-placed team from the third division, Holstein Kiel.

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The amount of quality players to come from their academy in recent seasons goes beyond those previously mentioned. Wolfsburg’s Marcel Schafer and Christian Trasch started their careers at 1860 Munich, along with Augsburg’s Daniel Baier, Frankfurt’s Stefan Aigner, Moritz Leitner of Dortmund and Hoffenheim’s Tobias Strobl. And the most recent prodigy to move from 1860 to the Bundesliga Marius Wolf, a 20 year-old forward from Coburg who just signed with the 96ers earlier thismonth.

1860 München

The TSV 1860 Munich was first founded as a gymnastics and physics association in 1848, but due to issues with Bavarian monarchy already prohibited the following year. On 17th May 1860 the club founded itself anew. Football was not played until 1899, when the Football Department was introduced.

In order to make the establishment of the new league structure manageable, the German football association, the DFB, limited the new league to 16 teams – and had come up with a set of requirements, both sporting and otherwise. Naturally, many clubs wanted to be a part of the new system as it brought with it obvious footballing and financial benefits, and almost 50 clubs applied for admittance.

Munich’s oldest club (which was formed before 1860) were nearly relegated to Germany’s third tier this season, but they can always remind their local rivals that they were the first club from the city to play in and win the Bundesliga

Despite the heady days around the turn of the millennium, 1860 were unable to sustain their lofty league position and slowly slid towards relegation, returning to the second division in 2004, where they have remained to this day – albeit by the skin of their teeth.

Finally, in 1963, over 100 years since the club was first founded in the Munich pub, Buttleschen Brauerei zum Bayerischen Löwen, and in the year of their title success, they became one of the founding members of the Bundesliga, Germany’s first nationwide competition. And, as if that wasn’t enough, they would leave Bayern Munich watching enviously from the confines of the regional leagues.

The emergence of National Socialism and the Nazi party ended the existing system and extinguished any hopes of establishing professional football in Germany. Instead, the Gauliga was introduced and the country was split into 16 regions under the Nazi’s Gleichschaltung measures of obtaining totalitarian control, with teams from Poland, Luxembourg and parts of France also taking part.