Gedmatch is highly technical and tends to assume users are knowledgeable about the technical side and already familiar with these terms. And it's free so it's hard to complain.

Ethiohelix is one of the African ones - if you select it, it has an option for "Africa Only". Also, Africa9 found under Dodecad is obviously African. Gedrosia (formerly Eurasia) is ideal for Asians. I think Eurogenes, Dodecad, and MDLP tend to be good ones for European ancestry. The different versions/numbers for each are different population clusters, the number generally indicates how many categories/regions it will break things down into it. 

         We are providing world largest and most comprehensive acronyms, abbreviations directory and search engine for acronyms on the Internet. Abbreviations Finder contains more than 7 million abbreviations and acronyms. You can also search for more than 740,000 general Comprehensive words.

As for the category/region names, usually a bit of Googling will usually clear that up - ANE is Ancient North Eurasian, ASI is Ancestral South Indian. WHG-UHG is Western European/Unknown Hunter-Gatherer. ENF is European Neolithic Farmers.

After sending in our DNA samples, I spent three solid days trying to educate myself on DNA testing especially in regards to genealogy.  I grasped a little, but I still feel like someone trying to read a foreign language when I look at the match results page.

Again: you can't know which of these will work best for you genetically without knowing which applies to you via your genealogy... for instance if you already know have Estonian/Lithuanian/Finnish ancestors, the 26.43% will make sense:

There are 7 projects to choose from: MDLP, Eurogenes, Dodecad, HarappaWorld, Ethiohelix, puntDNAL, and GedrosiaDNA.  What does each project focus on, such as African DNA as mentioned above?

I've already started working on my Ancestry DNA matches.  The admixture/ethnicity stuff is just that...a fun curiosity.  But the fun was kinda sucked out when I realized I couldn't understand the results and that I had no clue which test to use and every one I tried gave different results that made no sense because I didn't know what the abbreviations were for....And I guess I just went a little nuts cause I'm not used to not grasping things fairly quickly and easily.

It would be groovy if Ancestry added a chromosome browser and the other tools, but until that happens, using the three services together is really helpful. Although it's like herding cats getting cousin matches to upload to all three and provide information.

In my opinion, the GEDmatch African test is a sloppy fraud on anyone with African ancestry.

If I select the calculator "MDLP K13 Ultimate", the results table has some labels easy to get (like Amerindian), but what does ANE stand for?  Or ASI?  What area makes up the Arctic region?  What does ENF stand for?  And by golly what the heck is WHG-UHG cause by this calculator I'm 26.43% whatever that is.

There is a lot to take in! Could you make a list of specific questions?

Allie is right, if you run non-African DNA through the African admixture calculators, it will attempt to put your DNA into African categories regardless, because that's what it's for. If you know you have no African DNA, it is pointless to run it through the African admixture. It's supposed to be for people who do have African ancestry and want to narrow down the regions of Africa they came from, so it's assuming you do have African DNA. 

It's pretty arbitrary to say that a test "should" be able to do something which the creators of the test specifically say it can't do and isn't meant to do! 

Since my original post I've continued to search and read and read and read.  I know I'll get there...slowly, but I'll get there.  Thank you everyone for your input and help!

My second, and more important issue, is understanding how to understand comparison results.  I can't do one-to-many comparisons yet, but I can do one-to-one and I tried it with mine and each of my uncles data.  Except I don't understand what I'm looking at and what all the colors and bars and percents and column titles and EVERYTHING means.

http://ethiohelix.blogspot.com/  "POPULATION GENETICS FOCUSING ON AFRICA AND ETHIOPIA."

DNA results were ready for me and 2 uncles today.  After skimming through the information Ancestry gave, I downloaded the raw data and uploaded it to Gedmatch.  All three tests are uploaded and tokenized, but haven't been batch processed yet.  Now I need help in two areas.

puntDNAL - http://www.anthrogenica.com/showthread.php?4531-New-Calculator-puntDNAL  Intended for 100% Africans to clarify which region of Africa their DNA originates.

I do plan to upload to FTDNA, but I'm waiting on my mom and brother's results (my brother has procrastinated and hasn't even done his yet even though I sent him the kit a month ago.  Grrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr)  I understand that if you upload at least 4, they waive the fee.

So if you compare yourself to a group of all different varieties of Africans to find out what kind of African you are, of course it is going to come up with part Ethiopian, part Nigerian, etc. That is what the test is made to do, and it's working exactly as expected. It's just not a test that applies to you, because you are not of African descent.

If you don't know whether you have ancestors in that part of the world, it COULD be telling you that you do - you share those components from the samples of people who do... or it could be like the example above of someone with European ancestry being identified in specific African categories by the African-based test, even though there's no African ancestry.  

You really do have to go to each project page.  Here's a few quick snippets:

Thank you thank you thank you!  For the links and info in both posts! Now I know I don't have to bother with puntDNAL, ehtiohelix, or harappa.

Sub-Saharan Africa is the part of Africa below the Sahara desert. So not including the Arabic and European influences found in Northern Africa. 

Note: We have 42 other definitions for ANE in our Acronym Attic

ane

Eurogenes:  Can't find a clear list for this one, because each test apparently varies.  On the whole, it's for Europeans, as you might guess... some seem to think some versions skew to Mediterranean. 

The test for African ancestry isn't meant to be used by people who have no African ethnicity. The whole point of it is that it has more detailed sample groups for people of African ancestry to determine which groups within Africa they genetically resemble.

        What does ANE mean? The list of 15 meanings of ANE abbreviation or acronym on the slang term: ANE.

If I select MDLP Project, then there are 12 calculators to choose from.  "MDLP K=5", "MDLP K=6", and so on through "MDLP K=12", and also "MDLP World", "MDLP World22" and so forth.  And each project has it's own set of calculators to choose from.  I would like to understand the difference between the various calculators.

It is up to the people who represent this viewpoint to explain it clearly, not the other way around. The failure is not on your part for not understanding. the failure is on their part for not making it understandable.

http://www.harappadna.org/about/    -  "It is a project to analyze (autosomal) genetic data of participants of South Asian origin for the purpose of providing detailed ancestry information. So the focus of the project is on South Asians: Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis and Sri Lankans."

I've been doing more research, though now I'm mainly focusing on understanding the comparison matches...you know, what all those numbers and columns mean in the spreadsheet you get when you do a one-to-many comparison.  I'm learning bit by bit.

I think that is my point. Maybe I am not clear. The test should have come back as no African ancestry. It is biased so that anyone who takes the test must be African and they are diced up to fit the test. If the test is accurate it should be able to distinguish between the races.

This article might help, not specifically but conceptually:  http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2006/03/how_african_are_you.html

You can always just run each one and whichever one has unrealistically high amounts of African or Asia or whatever isn't in your ancestry is probably not the one for you. 

Just because these people made their more specific calculators available (for free!) on GEDMATCH under no circumstances obligates them to make sure that their tools are relevant for everyone. 

I remember feeling just like you when I first started with my DNA. It is very overwhelming and it's almost it's own language, mostly done in abbreviations. Liz is giving you great advice. Take your time and learn at a rate that is comfortable for you. Ask questions here or on GEDmatch (though I am biased to this site because of the many helpful people like Liz).

The people developing those tools that are on GEDMATCH are NOT developing them so that somebody who doesn't know anything about their ancestry can use their test figure it out.  That's what Ancestry, Family Tree DNA, 23 & Me, etc designed their tests to do.  

I've gone to the learn more section and read pages and faq's and watched videos and gone to every link provided.  I've found posts on the gedmatch forum where people have pretty much asked just what I've asked and all the replies seem to be "go read the project website".  But I can't understand the project website!!!!! It's like everything is on a college level when my understanding is still like 5th grade or something.